Gender Differences in the Relationship between Job Instability and Depression: A Preliminary Study

Abstract

Stress factors in the workplace can affect workers' mental health, increasing the risk of developing psychological disorders. The relationship between the perception of safety of in the workplace and mental health is mediated by different factors: security of workplace, quality of relationships and internal communication, gender and type of work. Longitudinal studies showed that a higher level of job insecurity, flexibility and low social support can negatively affect the individual’s mental health, with high correlations to depressive and anxiety disorders. Furthermore, differences in the reaction to work-related stress related to the gender have been reported in literature. In this preliminary study we investigated the relationship between type of contractual form, gender, subjective perception of safety in work place, salary and personal relationship considering a sample of 30 subjects ( 16 with permanent job, 14 with temporary job). We evaluated the subjective perception of stress (PSS), the level of anxiety and depression (BDI and STAY). Quality of relationships with colleagues, hygiene in workplace, level of education and adherence to studies were also considered. The results of GLM analysis shown significant correlations between the type of contractual form and the gender, and the level of depression (BDI). Furthermore, we found a nonsignificant trend between job stability and gender, and STAI and salary.



Author Information
Chiara Fornoni, Spazio Contratto Atipici Association, Italy
Francesco Comandatore, University of Milan, Italy

Paper Information
Conference: ECP2015
Stream: Community Development

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