The Habsburgs and their monarchy occupy a privileged place in the history, because they have embodied one of the most enduring and interesting multi-political projects, whose brand was from its very beginnings, the ethnic and the religious diversity. This political project was dominated by a deeply inclusive and universalistic vision of the Habsburgs with the local particularities, which have created so many tensions and difficulties, sometimes insurmountable. In this context, the particular case of the early modern Transylvania, analyzed from the perspective of political theology of the Habsburgs, translated from the center to the periphery, will put an emphasis on the confessional balance, on the importance of the religious and political tolerance, on the significance of public events, on the image sovereigns in the collective conception of the people. By all these means, and especially by constructing a religious legitimacy, the Habsburgs wanted to reconcile the national consciousness and the sense of identity with patriotism to a multinational state and dynastic loyalty. In this sense, the imperial government efforts were focused on building a state-oriented dynastical patriotism in a multinational state as the Habsburg Monarchy. From here, the dialogue between the center and periphery monarchy, was a great challenge for the Habsburgs, where they was forced to find particular solutions to accommodate their political discourse with the peculiarities of each nation, but also to integrate them in their broad political and religious vision. Thus, Transylvania became a classic example of the periphery where the central model translates not without difficulties.
Ivanov Paul Bogdan, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania
Stream: Philosophy - Philosophy and Religion
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