Assessment of Carbon Footprint Organization and Analysis of Appropriate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Measures: Case Study PTA Factory in Thailand

Abstract

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) become a mandate for counties that ratified the Kyoto protocol. Mainly, each county has to identify and develop greenhouse gas mitigation in their country. Thailand must prepare how to reduce greenhouse gas emission efficiently in the future. The petrochemical industry has high contribution of greenhouse gas emission and also capability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions effectively. Therefore, research focuses on evaluation of GHG emission from intermediate petrochemical factory that produce purified terephthalic acid (PTA) which have a capacity about 40% of intermediate petrochemical product in Thailand. PTA is raw materials for making products in the textile industry, plastic bottles, X-ray film and products in the automotive industry etc. The objective of this research is to investigate carbon footprint organization and analyze appropriate greenhouse gas mitigation measures of purified terephthalic acid factory in Thailand. The case study has production capacity around 700,000 ton per year. Evaluation of greenhouse gas emissions include of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). Sources of greenhouse gas emission are classified into 2 types which are direct greenhouse gas emission (combustion, vent, wastewater treatment, refrigerants, extinguishing and flare) and indirect greenhouse gas emission (electricity and steam purchased from outside). Data for evaluation was during year 2011 to 2013. The results indicated that the carbon footprint organization of PTA factory is around 188,000 tCO2e per year. Natural gas, which used as fuel to generate steam, is the largest contribution



Author Information
Jiraporn Thamniamin, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Chanathip Pharino, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Thanapol Tantisattayakul, Thammasat University, Thailand
Premrudee Kanchanapiya, National Metal and Materials Technology, Thailand
Orathai Chavalparit, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACSEE2015
Stream: Environmental Sustainability and Environmental Management: Atmosphere and Air

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