The Impacts of the Family Allowance Program (Programa Bolsa Familia) on the Development of the UN Millennium Development Goal 1 – Eradication of Hunger and Poverty made by Brazil Between 2000-2015

Abstract

This paper addresses the fulfilment of the UN Millennium Goals by the Brazilian state, with special emphasis on the Millennium Development Goal number 1 (MDG 1), regarding the eradication of hunger and poverty. The timeframe utilized in the study is 2000-2015, in accordance to the UN Development Committee. Brazil in the XXI century still struggles with the most basic problems of the developing countries: a huge equality gap which tends to maintain a significance portion of the population under minimum life and dignity standards. This historical aspect is detailed in point 1 of the paper, explaining the actual public policy regarding the confrontation of hunger and misery situations: first with the Zero Hunger Program, advancing to the introduction of the Bolsa Família Program (the main objective of analysis of this research) and now with the Brazil Without Poverty program. Them it focused on the UN Millennium Goals and MDG 1, with all its institutional criteria of commitment: hunger levels, inequality indicators, employment rates, parity of purchasing power, equality related to men / women in income and parliamentary representation, etc. Regarding MDG 1, the study deepens on its sub-tasks, verifying the impact of the Bolsa Família program in the implementation of the goal. In its final considerations, the article sums up the undeniable progress made in the country on the period scrutinized in order to propose improvements in its operation and identify new challenges and goals for the new UN Sustainable Goals. Keywords: Development; Public policies; Fundamental rights; Bolsa Família; UN Millennium Goals



Author Information
Albano Francisco Schmidt, Pontificía Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil
Oksandro Osdival Gonçalves, Pontificía Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil

Paper Information
Conference: ECPEL2015
Stream: Interdisciplinary Law

This paper is part of the ECPEL2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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