Tachibana Toshitsuna(橘俊纲)，the author of (Records of Garden Making), lived in the middle and later period of Japanese Heian Age. A further understanding of ancient Chinese and Japanese gardens may be acquired through the study of writer and his time, as well as of the comparison between other garden monographs such as (The Craft of Gardens)， or of the historical background of other Garden Makeing activities. Whoever dominate the Garden Makeing will decide its outer form and inner theory foundation，the construction of the garden will reflect its relationship with the society.
Wang Xin, Southeast University, China
Stream: Cultural History