The water crisis around the world, the increased deforestation and the need of finding new industrial solutions make clear the importance of nature. In this context, the State must stand up for sustainable actions and the Payment for environmental services is a good way to stimulate the citizens to act consciously. The Payment for environmental services (PES) aims for a socially desirable behavior by offering economic incentives in return for practices that can preserve, conserve, recover or improve the ecosystem services The purpose of this research is to identify the main ideas and discuss environmental Law issues related to Payment for environmental services, mainly about how this public policy incorporate a social justice agenda. PES not just helps to preserve the environment and the ecosystem, but also contributes to the low-income people that usually lives is rural areas. In other words, the PES can help both the person that will receive the payment but also all the citizens around with a better life quality, and, mostly, the environment. To prove this point, a lot of brazilian cases will be use in this paper, such as: Allowance Forest Program; Remnants Forest program; and Bio-Credit Program. In Brazil, chiefly in the poor regions, the PES has contributed a lot to increase the citizens life. And, as soon as the life gets better, more the community wants to preserve and recover the nature.
Vanessa de Vasconcellos Lemgruber França, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Stream: Social Sustainability and Social Justice
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