Optimistic Dogmatism and Pessimistic Empiricism


Edward Bellamy, a 19th-century American utopian socialist, held that a utopian vision can be achieved through both faith and science, the human cultivation of their garden. In his The Masterless: Self and Society in Modern America, Wilfred McClay quite poignantly observed: A utopia is not only an imaginative projection of a radiant social ideal; it is also a way that, indirectly, a society confesses how and why it is unhappy with itself. (75) There is always a tension between the status quo and the ideal. This paper argues that as a way of changing the disparities of the status quo, utopian writers and intellectuals employed religious and scientific thoughts to advance forward a vision or a promise of a utopian other worldliness.

Author Information
Majed S Al-Lehaibi, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAH2015
Stream: Humanities - Literature/Literary Studies*

This paper is part of the ACAH2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon