The Relationship of Religious Orientation with Happiness and Resilience and the Mediational Role of Locus of Control


The goal of the study was to study the relationships between intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations, and happiness and resilience and to test the meditational role of locus of control. Based on the review of literature, it was hypothesized that intrinsic religious orientation will have a positive correlation with both the dependent variables: happiness and resilience, mediated by an internal locus of control; while extrinsic religious orientation will have a negative correlation with the dependent variables: happiness and resilience, mediated by an external locus of control. 190 individuals above the age of 18 participated in the study and filled out the consent form and the questionnaires either manually or via internet. Religious orientations were measured by the Religious Orientation Scale by Allport & Ross (1967). For the other three variables, Levenson’s Locus of Control Scale (1981), Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills & Argyle, 2002) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (2003) were used. The data collected was analysed using Pearson’s correlation, partial correlation and regression analyses. It was found that neither of the religious orientations correlated with happiness or resilience. The hypotheses were rejected. It was an observation that religiosity overall is declining in the population. Additional analyses also showed that extrinsic religious orientation was moderately associated with an external locus of control and that internal locus of control was positively correlated with happiness as well as resilience, while external locus of control was negatively correlated with the same.

Author Information
Adwaita Ravindra Deshmukh, University of Pune, India
Megha Umesh Deuskar, University of Pune, India

Paper Information
Conference: ECERP2015
Stream: Religion - Religion and Peace Studies

This paper is part of the ECERP2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon