This paper seeks to examine the root causes of the pharmaceutical drugs over-use or over-medication in China. By this mean, there is considerable evidence of this overuse, and it appears to be more extensive than in western countries. I have applied 'Countervailing Power' as a theoretical model to explore how this overuse relates and interacts with the power of government, pharmaceutical industry, medical profession and patient. The research is expected to contribute the strategies and recommendations to reduce this overuse and improve healthcare system with policy design, implementation, and evaluation, doctors prescribing behaviour, and the doctor-patient relationship. The analytical results of this research will also shed some critical light on the current global issues addressing the role of the state and effective healthcare policy implementation in the healthcare domain. The study has mainly used qualitative methodology. The primary methods of data collection are: 1) structured and semi-structured interviews and survey that focus on doctors in Shandong province, my home province, 2) review of documents and literatures obtained from government (e.g. MOH report and year book of public health) and non-government sources.
Yifan Wang, University of Essex, UK
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