This research was conducted to study the meaning of the sign in the writing after the author defined the concept of selfness and otherness to its characters. It was studied via signs of being Ngo-Pa. It is found that to be barbarians in the royal writing of Ngo-Pa was floating and amplified from being only remote people to becoming more barbarism reflected from their untrustworthiness, violence, unrestraint, and social deviant; also, those were interpreted from various characters’ intended and unintended smuggling conduct especially peeking and ambushing. To be the signified barbarians in the royal writing of Ngo-Pa is accordance with the concept of the sign which needs distinction or opposition to complete obvious signification. In the work, the signification needed the concept of selfness and otherness to support clarifying being barbarians. As a matter of fact, it is clearly found that the author defined “us” as a burgher and barbarians as “others” which finally affected their status and shifted them to be marginalized people; yet, it may not be conducted intently. However, the signification using the concept of dichotomy binary opposition plays an important role to identify what the barbarians were.
Natrada Somsith, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Stream: Literature: Indigenous People’s/Ethnic Literatures and Minority Discourses
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