Digital Competencies in the Early Years


The paper presents a model for development of digital skills in early years. The model is structured in four levels and is designed for implementation in Primary school. The content follows the government policy in ICT teaching and learning in Bulgaria. Year after year, digital skills have become part of a person’s literacy. It is of great importance to form a proper attitude in children towards contemporary computer technologies. ICT skills should be used for the implementation of effective learning processes in all educational stages. Students should take the computer as a learning tool, not just as a tool for fun and free time activities. The main pedagogical accents underlying the model development are: Implementation of project-based learning; Cross-curricular approach; Development of algorithmic, critical and creative thinking. The system follows the spiral and systematic approaches. Methodologically, the model is implemented as the educational system ITI 1-4, with a full teaching and learning set. First two levels are designed for use in environment with appropriate user interface for pupils of ages 6 to 8. Students work with graphic painting applications, develop skills to use a keyboard, operate with text working on interesting tasks and during didactic games. The next two levels include more functionality. Students operate with files and folders, create their own projects, and communicate online. A specific feature is the student’s E-book consisting algorithms, video materials, and instructions. Students do text processing, work with images, sound and video files. Skills for working with widespread software products are developed.

Author Information
Rumyana Yordanova Papancheva, University "Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov", Burgas, Bulgaria
Krasimira Atanasova Dimitrova, University "Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov", Burgas, Bulgaria

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2014
Stream: Educational change through technologies

This paper is part of the ACE2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon