Is That So Different to Become a Journalist? A Study of Journalism Professional Careers in Brazil

Abstract

This paper studies the changes in the professional careers of Brazilian journalists. Structural changes have affected journalism as a profession over the last 30 years such as the development of ICTs and the emergence of internet, the economic crisis of traditional media organizations, the growth of corporate communication and the introduction of flexible working conditions and job insecurity. These changes suggest a reconfiguration of access and mobility in the profession. But how did professional careers change for journalists from different generations and media? How do they navigate the different conditions for accessing and practicing journalism as a profession? How do they deal with this new professional structure? In order to answer these questions, we purpose a methodological triangulation between: 1. Biographical qualitative interviews with 35 journalists from different media (newspaper, radio, TV and Internet); 2. The use of the data from two national pools (Mick and Lima, 2013; Kalume, 2014) and one local pool (Figaro, 2013) about the profile of Brazilian Journalists; 3. The use of data concerning professional careers from a questionnaire applied to journalism students from six Brazilian universities (Pereira et al., 2013). Our preliminary suggest some structural changes in journalism careers (more segmented, instable and uncertain) and in elements of relative permanence (especially on these related to journalism ideological framework), but how journalist’s identity emerges from this process? And can we talk on a new professional career on Brazilian journalism?



Author Information
Fábio Henrique Pereira, University of Brasilia, Brazil

Paper Information
Conference: MediAsia2014
Stream: Journalism

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