Reflection of Fate in Epic – Mythological Heroes: Beowulf and Rustam


This paper examines the effect of fate on epic-mythological heroes in the west and east societies. This research also investigates to determine the archetypal form and function of two epic works from two different literatures and societies that the texts meaning are shaped by cultural and psychological myths. The mythological basic forms of epic heroes made concrete by recurring images, symbols, and patterns of "fate" aspect which may include motifs such as the 'quest' in the recognizable characters and their conflicts as individual symbols which can be extendable to old and modern society. The discussion of proposed materials and hypothesis are outlined through Hero-Archetype Method then the fate and its effective factors are highlighted finally death justified and detailed. A universal form is recognized in the traits of epic -mythological heroes in the selected epic characters e.g. Beowulf (British Literature) and Rustam (Persian Literature). Death is the end of fate and destiny. In conclusion, the results confirm no escape exists from the fate and its involved characters even epic-mythological ones.

Author Information
Azadeh Mehpouyan, Bharati Viyapeeth University, India
Seyedeh Samereh Abbasnezhad Banehmir, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Iran

Paper Information
Conference: LibEuro2014
Stream: Literature - Folktales

This paper is part of the LibEuro2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon