The Role of Higher Education in Economic Transformation and Sustainable Development in Nigeria


Higher Education has a high public value in terms of its contribution to economic transformation and sustainable development through articulated learning and teaching programmes. The paper examined the economic insecurity challenges, its implications for economic stability and the role of Higher Education in ensuring sustainable development in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and is guided by two research questions and one hypothesis. The sample consisted of academic staff and non-academic staff randomly selected from Federal Universities in South- West, Nigeria. The Universities and Economic Development Questionnaire (UEPQ) rated on 4-point response modes was the instrument used. The face validity of the instrument was ascertained by four experts made up of two senior academic staff and two senior non-academic staff. The internal consistency of the instrument was established using Cronbach Alpha. It yielded a coefficient of 0.76. Descriptive statistics (frequency counts and percentages) and t-test statistic were used to analyse the data. The result indicated that there are differences in the perceptions of academic staff and non-academic staff on the roles of University Education in ensuring Sustainable Development. It also showed that entrepreneurship, vocational and technical education were not fully integrated into the university curriculum for economic transformation. Based on the findings, it was recommended that university education should aim at workforce development and education, entrepreneurship, and quality-of-life factors that will enshrine a sustainable development process.

Author Information
Olusola Angelina Thomas, University of Lagos, Nigeria
Rashidat Adedoyin Salisu,University of Lagos, Nigeria
Samuel Adelowo Thomas, Olufuwa, Lagos State Ministry of Establishments, Training and Pensions, Lagos, Nigeria

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2014
Stream: Education for sustainable development

This paper is part of the ECE2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon