Renewable Energy Policies: A Comparison of Global and Turkish Perspectives

Abstract

Sustainability concerns resulting from the consumption of natural resources, life-threatening levels of pollution, global warming, climate change and the ever increasing worldwide energy use have brought renewable energy sources to forefront. Given the possibility of depletion of fossil fuels in the near future; the utilization of clean and renewable energy sources have become inevitable. Consequently, countries have developed government policies and adopted respective regulations to ensure the production and use of renewable energy and promote the respective new investments. This has been realized both individually and also as a part of global organizations and networks some of which can be listed as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), European Union (EU), United Nations (UN) and International Energy Agency (IEA). Turkey is a developing country with a substantial amount and wide range of renewable energy sources, and it is located in an advantageous geographical position that enables their effective utilization. However, because of the rapid increase in the energy consumption and the inefficient use of resources, it remains to be an energy importing country with more than half of its energy being met externally. Hence, a detailed review and evaluation is conducted in this study on the current literature, projects, binding regulations, incentives, and pricing mechanisms together with the respective energy statistics to analyze and compare the renewable energy policies in Turkey to those adopted worldwide. Ultimately, the goal is to make certain suggestions and lay out possible solutions regarding Turkey’s energy problems.



Author Information
Mahmure Övül Arıoğlu Akan, Marmara University, Turkey
Ayşe Ayçim Selam, Marmara University, Turkey
Seniye Ümit Oktay Fırat, Marmara University, Turkey
Merve Er, Marmara University, Turkey
Semih Özel, Marmara University, Turkey

Paper Information
Conference: NACSEE2014
Stream: Energy: Renewable Energy and Environmental Solutions

This paper is part of the NACSEE2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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