Mining in Rajasthan (India) and Effects on Earth -Environmental Issues, Affecting Human Rights and Burning Legal Aspects

Abstract

In Rajasthan (India) mining is being conducted since ancient past. The Rajasthan produce 42 varieties of major minerals and 23 varieties of minor minerals. In Rajasthan most mineral deposits are concentrated all along the Aravali range that runs through large parts of the state and, mining activity is wide spread here. The environmental impact of mining is Air pollution, water pollution, loss of biological diversity, deforestation, soil erosion, release of harmful gases, acid mine drainage and land degradation. Violation of Environmental Laws, Labour Laws, statutory safety measures and ignorance of WTO and ILO guide line, our earth is suffered. Uncontrolled mining and blasting in Rajasthan, affects other country also like if uncontrolled mining happens in Rajasthan than its effects on all those country where the Aravali range situated. Chances of earth quick, acid rain and other environment problems increase. In 2012 Supreme Court gave decision in this matter and told to close all green marble mining near Keshriajee, Udaipur. The literacy rate of Mine labour is only 3.26 % and due to lack of knowledge, they fully exploited, especially women. Many tribes living in Aravli range are forced to work in these mines. Unregulated mining not only destroying nature�s fine equilibrium, but also threatening the life, culture and social milieu of many tribes. Public awareness and new strict laws must be introduced. All shall be well if �economy and ecology�, �development and environment� go hand in hand **********************



Author Information
Anju Gahlot,University of Rajasthan, India

Paper Information
Conference: ECPEL2014
Stream: International Law: Contemporary Issues and Solutions

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