Objective: To investigate associations between kinesthetic perception, physical activity and on-task behavior in thematic learning, and evaluate how they correlate to academic performance in math reading and spelling. Methods: This study included 25 children (age: 6-7 years, 14 girls). Kinesthetic perception was evaluated in space-visuomotor task accuracy test (kinesthetic perception test and measurement). Level of physical activity was estimated from the daily activity during normal school activity using pedometer and both relation with On-task behavior in thematic learning was investigated with standard test of completion tasks and cognitive tests, in math, reading and spelling. Results: Kinesthetic perception was associated with better performance in tests of completed tasks and academic performance (P<0.003), whereas physical activity was associated with better-sustained completion tasks (P<0.038) and academic performance (P<0.047). Kinesthetic perception and physical activity were all associated with better performance in cognitive tests (math, reading and spelling). The results reveal that on the whole the academic performance was significantly correlated with three perceptual abilities - visual, auditory and kinesthetic. When considered separately, reading and spelling both were significantly associated not only with one another but also the three already mentioned perceptual areas. On the other hand, mathematics was found to be significantly correlated with only auditory and visual perception. Conclusions: The data demonstrate that kinesthetic perception and physical activity are positively correlated with on-task behavior in thematic learning and with academic performance in math and reading. Future interventions should investigate associations between kinesthetic perception, physical activity and on task behavior in academic performance to expound the causation of these associations.
Eva Julianti P, Univeristas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Heni Widyaningsih, Univeristas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Stream: Learning Experiences, Student Learning & Learner Diversity
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