The Effect of Dysfunctional Attitudes on the Frequency of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Among Young Adults

Although there has been increasing research for risk factors of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), little information is available concerning dysfunctional beliefs contributing to this perplexing behavioral problem which is alarmingly common in adolescents and young adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the risk factors of self-injury in a community sample of youth with NSSI (51 male, 116 female, 3 other; 19-30 years). The inclusion criterion for this group was least five times of self-injury in the past year, as measured by the Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (FASM). All participants completed clinical measurements including Korean version of Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (K-DAS), Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI), Korean Resilience Questionnaire (KRQ-53), and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) as well as FASM. Through hierarchical multiple regression analysis, we confirmed that only K-DAS and SSI significantly predicted NSSI frequency. In particular, an additional analysis using K-DAS sub-subscale successfully predicted self-injury frequency. This study is the first to provide clinical implications for the influence of dysfunctional beliefs of individuals on NSSI behavior. Ironically, a distorted thought about perfectionism was shown to lead young adults into harming themselves. The result illustrates that it is necessary to identify dysfunctional attitudes of individuals in predicting the prognosis of NSSI problems and planning efficient interventions.

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Author Information
Yoon-Kyung Kim, Chung-Ang University, South Korea
Sun-Woo In, Chung-Ang University, South Korea
Jang-Han Lee, Chung-Ang University, South Korea
Ji-Won Hur, Chung-Ang University, South Korea

Paper Information Conference: ACP2018
Stream: General Psychology

Added on Monday, April 9th, 2018
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Posted by amp21