Month: October 2023

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The Mathematics Mastery Model (M³): A Proposed Cognitive Learning Framework for Engineering Students’ Engagement and Persistence

In pursuing engineering education, the acquisition of mathematical ability is pivotal. Nevertheless, diverse mathematical perceptions among Filipino engineering students present challenges. Anchored in Bandura’s (1986) Social Cognitive Theory, endeavors to elucidate this challenge, leading to the proposal of a cognitive learning model. Utilizing Principal Axis Factoring (PAF) in Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), four salient factors

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Mental Health Services & Education Policy for Generation Z After the COVID-19 Pandemic in Yogyakarta City

Mental health is a serious issue during and after the pandemic. Young people, including Gen Z, are the most vulnerable group to experience mental health. Yogyakarta is the locus of research where this city has a high life expectancy of 75.04 years, but unfortunately the prevalence rate of mental disorders is the second highest in

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Applying Evaluation Principles to a Collaborative Intensive English Language Programme Between a Japanese and a U.S. University

Language programmes employ a number of strategies, methods, and tools to ensure their success. One such tool frequently used is an evaluation. Evaluations are necessary to determine the value, worth, merit and/or significance of something, thereby assisting decision makers with judgements that impact a program; hence the purpose of this study—to describe how an evaluation

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Game Based Learning for Raising Environmental Consciousness

This paper presents the results of the European Project GENTLY. Within the framework of the project an educational board game with a complementary digital version has been collaboratively designed, developed and tested with young people across Europe. A multidisciplinary approach with experts from seven European countries has been followed with the goal to raise young

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Digital Strategies in Education Across Nordic Countries

Digitalization has already played an important role in education when COVID-19 forced the closing of school buildings and the digitalization of education to varying degrees around the world. COVID-19 started an unprecedented experiment in school systems and the ongoing digital transformation was suddenly accelerated. This situation initiated the creation of new challenges and opportunities for

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Retrenchment in Higher Education

The covid19 pandemic along with changing attitudes has forced many rural public universities to retrench faculty and staff. As enrollments decrease, institutions of higher learning must adapt and change to the changing demographics. Retrenchment is only one alternative to dealing with declining enrollment. Retrenchment needs to be balanced with long-term strategic considerations. As the retrenchment

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Design of Complex Problem-Solving Ability Training Games That Combine Simulation Spaces and Plots

The most important thing in complex problem-solving is to recognize the characteristics of the crux of the problem, which is a very important “ability” in the workplace, and the need to understand the problem comprehensively before analyzing it is an important step in making decisions on how to deal with the problem. This study uses

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Design and Evaluation of a Contextualized Mobile Educational Game for Learning Emergency Medical Care

The emergency medical service is a complex and variable situation and the critical thinking ability of the medical staff is challenged. Compared with traditional education, the contextual simulation of mobile learning can improve the learners’ critical thinking ability. This study《119 Dispatch Center》LINE@ and Google Form were combined to design a digital contextual role-playing mobile educational

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The Effects of Fourier Series Game-Based Learning Activities on Industrial Education and Technology Students’ Mathematical Self-Efficacy

Self-efficacy is vital for the development of oneself since it is the belief that one could conduct the required actions to achieve the tasks given to them. At a particular University in Bangkok, Thailand, the students from the faculty of industrial education and technology attained the lowest score in almost every learning module among others,

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Romance Scam and Legal Interpreting/Translation

Due to COVID-19 starting in 2020, the flow of people or goods was restricted. Along with that, the mobility of criminals, migration, or smuggling of criminal items such as drugs were also stopped. On the other hand, romance scams have skyrocketed through the internet or SNS so that criminal groups or violent groups could raise

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Perception of Foreign English Speakers as Instructors in Elementary Schools in Japan Towards Various Attributions of Japanese Teachers of English

In elementary English education in Japan, Japanese teachers of English have heavily relied on foreign English speakers as assistant language teachers (ALTs). Kano and Hiratsuka (2023) highlighted the widening variety of the attributions of Japanese teachers in the recent few years. Nakazawa and Kano (2022) focused on the perceptions of Japanese teachers towards ALTs, both

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Collective Gender Fictions and the Takarazuka Revue

As a unique all-female musical company founded in 1914, the Takarazuka Revue provides significant insights into Japanese fan culture. In the Revue, otokoyaku (i.e., the women who perform male roles) perform heterosexual love stories on the stage. However, little attention has been paid to the fact that the otokoyaku also wear men’s clothing in their

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Comparative and Content Analysis on Physics Laboratory Curriculum in Japan and the Philippines: An Assessment Policy Review

The study primarily employs comparative and qualitative content analysis. We focus on document analysis to identify potential gaps in K-12 assessment policies in Japan and the Philippines laboratory curriculum while drawing insights from international educational frameworks in mathematics, science, and reading proficiencies found in international Large-Scale Assessments (ILSA). We analyze various education systems, including the

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Online Technical Instructional Video-Generating Motivation Scale (TIVGMS): Development, Reliability and Validity Testing

More people engage in producing online technical instructional videos as a result of increased access to open video channels and the advancement of video-based technical teaching and learning. Producers are essential in the transfer of technical expertise. Their motivations and backgrounds vary widely. It raises the question of what inspires people to generate online videos.

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Rewriting of the Indian Curricula: Its Effect on the Spirit of Inquiry and Scientific Temper

The ever-evolving socio-political dynamics of society, right from the early civilizations to the Anthropocene era, have heavily influenced the knowledge base of humans, and consequently, the systems of education as they have existed from time to time. The systems of education have evolved on two major lines firstly, the change in teaching pedagogy, evaluation mechanisms,

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Sleep for Success: The Vital Role of Sleep Hygiene in College Students

Sleep plays a pivotal role in student success, affecting academic performance, and overall physical and emotional well-being. By improving student awareness of sleep hygiene and addressing deficiencies in quantity and quality, educators may be able to help students succeed. This workshop will examine the relationship between sleep and students’ achievements, emphasizing the importance of optimizing

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How to Embrace Diverse Learners in an Effective Learning Classroom?

Teaching a class of diverse learners poses a great challenge not only for foreign and second language teachers, but also for teachers in different disciplines. Diversity is represented in students’ motivation, their prior knowledge, their various needs and interests, their level of anxiety, and their different learning styles and skills. Thus, this paper shares the

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Early Diagnosis Prediction From COVID-19 Symptoms Using ANN-Based Machine Learning Method

Timely diagnosis of COVID-19 is crucial to mitigate the risk of virus transmission. Traditional diagnostic methods, such as medical laboratory and antigen tests, while effective, are not always easily accessible. This study proposes an innovative approach to detect COVID-19 promptly using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), eliminating the need for laboratory tests. By analyzing an individual’s

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Unraveling Multilingual Identity: The Transformative Influence of Glocal Learning Contexts in Adult ESL Education

In the evolving domain of language education, our research delves into the multilingual identity development of adult ESL learners, guided by Sociocultural Theory. We probe the interplay between ‘glocal’ learning contexts—where ‘glocal’ denotes the blend of global and local influences—and the fluid multilingual identities of learners within this vibrant milieu. The robust longitudinal qualitative approach

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Attention in Digital Training Events: A Conceptual Approach to Increase and Sustain Attention List of Abbreviations

As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, digital training events faced the issue that their sessions were no longer take place in physically present. Consequently, participants showed a lower attention span during digital training events. Distractions from social media and smartphones are significantly greater in the digital space respectively at home. Due to the evolution

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People, Plants, and the Planet: The Design and Impact of a Climate Change Curriculum to Support Plant Based Eating in U.S. Adolescents

This study aimed to examine the impact of climate change curriculum on 5th-grade students’ food choice and sustainability considerations. Insight into the drivers of food choice and sustainability considerations that were most salient among 5th-grade students were gleaned through interviews to assist in designing and implementing a school curriculum entitled People, Plants, and the Planet

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L2 Acquisition of the Word Order of a Mandarin Attributive-Head Construction May Not Be Affected by L1 or Word Frequency

Word order can be a difficult dimension for L2 learners to acquire, especially for learners whose L1 exhibits a different order pattern. For example, previous research reported difficulty in the acquisition of Mandarin [Attributive-Head] constructions for Thai learners with [Head-Attributive] constructions, and has attributed the difficulty to negative L1-to-L2 transfer. However, whether this difficulty is

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Black Kewpie and Little Black Sambo: Reading Juvenile Food Culture in American-Occupied Japan

This paper aims to explore the hitherto underexamined topic of juvenile food culture in American-occupied Japan (1945–1952) by analyzing Kuronbo Sambo (1949), a Japanese translation of Helen Bannerman’s The Story of Little Black Sambo. Just like other Japanese translations of Bannerman’s tale, the story of Kuronbo Sambo also starts with Sambo, the protagonist, facing the

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An Autoethnography: Indigenous Intergenerational Pedagogy

In Cree, nêhiýawâtisiwin means “living a traditional Cree life.” Indigenous communities have lived in respectful, relational, and reciprocal ways with all relations. The contemporary understanding of miýo-pimâtisiwin (lives a good life) has been disrupted by globalization and colonial attempts at cultural genocide. This autoethnographic research shares traditional Indigenous pedagogy of intergenerational learning to uplift cultural

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Enhancing ESD-Based English Instruction: A Case Study in a Japanese High School

The purpose of this research is to develop and implement a class that emphasizes active learning elements such as group discussions and presentations from the perspective of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), as emphasized in the current curriculum in Japan. The outcome of the class is to propose solutions to challenges. The study involved 73

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Music and the Culture Wars in the 1970s and 1980s U.S.

This paper examines how evangelical Christians viewed music as a potential means to enact social change as they were becoming a basis for the Religious Right during the decades that led up to the 1990s, when “culture wars” became prominent in the U.S. It focuses on the periodical, Christianity Today, initiated by the politically influential

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Effects of SSCS Learning Activities With Bar Model on Mathematical Resilience and Learning Achievement in Fraction Word Problems

The goals of this this study were to examine two different aspects of learning accomplishment and mathematical resilience in Grade 6 children after they received learning management skills using the SSCS with bar model in fraction word problems. A group of 147 sixth-grade pupils in the first semester of the 2021 school year was the

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The Perceptions and Experiences of Graduate Students: Evidence From a Japanese National Research University

The study is devoted to exploring the perceptions and experiences of graduate students at a case Japanese national university through a comparison between graduate students in Humanities and Social Sciences and those in Sciences and Engineering. The data from the Students Experiences in the Research University (SERU) survey conducted at the case university from 16th

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Foreign Languages and Internationalization: Analyzing of the Foreign Language Skills of Graduating Students at a Public University in Paraguay

The knowledge of foreign languages among final-year undergraduate students is important considering the local labor market’s competitiveness and the opportunities for academic studies abroad. This research focuses on obtaining data that informs on the knowledge or lack of knowledge of foreign languages for accessing competitive job opportunities and the possible application for scholarships for study

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Stretching the Zone of Proximal Development: Accelerating Learning Through ZPD Elasticity

Vygotsky’s (1986) theory of the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is often cited in pedagogical approaches that position the learning just above the learner’s independent problem-solving level, but which the learner can do with the help of a More Knowledgeable Other (MKO). However, these approaches reflect only a partial understanding of Vygotsky’s work, which describes

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Designing Inclusive Play Experience

Play is essential to everyone, while it is often misperceived as a waste of time. Maria Montessori, who started the Montessori school in 1907, believed that play could be used for children to learn naturally and play was the work of the child. Play is unarguably vital to children’s development. However, play is a necessity

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A Qualitative Exploration Into the Impact of Interdisciplinary Education on Graduate Students in Japan

Interdisciplinary educational programs in graduate studies often serve as a crucible for innovation and comprehensive knowledge. In Japan, such programs have garnered attention and have progressively been integrated into the academic landscape, aiming to foster collaborative knowledge creation and address complex global issues. This study delves into the nuanced experiences of graduate students engaged in

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Assessing the OIC Member States’ Engagement in China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Opportunities, Challenges, and Implications

The remarkable demonstration of substantial collaboration between fifty-seven member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and China’s Belt and Road Initiative exemplifies a significant milestone in contemporary international cooperation. This article assesses the involvement of member states of the OIC in China’s BRI since 2013. The BRI is a large infrastructure development project aimed

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Design and Evaluation of an Educational Board Game for Learning ESG Sustainability Challenges

Towards the Paris Agreement underlines the need for net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, it has become more and more important for companies to transform and create an Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) sustainable development ecosystem. Moreover, there is a growing emphasis on educating and training employees in the concept of ESG. In addition to traditional

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An Exploratory Survey of University Students’ Perceptions Regarding AI and Robots by Psychological Scales

In recent years, there has been a significant expansion of information education in high schools and a proliferation of science and technology education, resulting in global recognition of STEM and STEAM education. The release of Chat GPT on November 30, 2022, marked the onset of a transformative era in intellectual engagement and learning, prompting the

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A Brief Report Regarding a Relationship Between Specification of BYOD Devices and ICT Proficiency Test

In this information society, information literacy and computer skills are one of the most important factors in higher education. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, online learning was widespread and became a general way of learning. Sendai University introduced a curriculum based on BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) in 2023. The university presented recommended minimum specifications;

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AI, AI, Who Is the Most Beautiful Person in the World?

This research focuses on applying AI to evaluate students’ performance in makeup learning, aiming to provide them with a self-learning reference tool and professional grading assistance. Use AI technology to verify whether facial makeup can enhance facial appeal. This research has two main goals: to achieve the effectiveness of students’ makeup learning through AI technology,

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Using the Partial Credit Model and Rasch Model to Examine the FOCIS Survey

This study examined the dimensionality and effectiveness of the five categories Likert Scale of the framework for observing and categorizing instructional strategies (FOCIS), a survey that measures students’ preference for learning activities in science instructions, developed by Tai et al. in 2012. The data included 6546 students from 3rd to 12th grade including 4 school

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Moral Resilience in Ethical Leadership: When Good is Rewarded with Bad

Based on the principles of fairness and reciprocity, people typically expect that good deeds will be rewarded. However, when real-life situations deviate from this expectation, individuals often feel shocked and their moral motivation may be negatively impacted. The aim of this study is to explore how ethical leaders prevent negative impacts on their moral motivation

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Minors’ Engagement in Health-Based Programs: Insights From UNICEF Lesotho’s HIV-Nutrition Intervention

This paper explores strategies to enhance minors’ understanding of program participation, ensuring their active involvement from the program’s inception through its completion, emphasizing the crucial role of sustainability for long-term change. Drawing insights from UNICEF Lesotho’s three-year HIV-nutrition intervention (2019-2022) that spanned all 10 districts and 69 community councils, the project championed the health and

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The Human Traumas in Fazal Sheikh’s Photography

Trauma is the physical injury, the human wound, or the emotional shock and pain caused by an extremely upsetting experience. Metaphorically we use the term to speak of natural disasters. Fazal Sheikh is the American photographer who saw these human wounds within the humanity, within the human face of the other while suffering. His unique

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Examining the Nursing Workforce Shortage in Vietnam: Implications for Nursing Education

This study examines the nursing human resource crisis in Vietnam that emerged in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. A literature review encompassing policy documents, statistics, reports, guidelines, news, media, and academic publications was conducted. Even before the pandemic, Vietnam grappled with a nursing shortage, with a nurse-to-population ratio significantly below the global average. The

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Learning Through Sharing: A Case Study on the Effectiveness of Learning Experiences in a Multilingual Setting on Students’ Personal Growth

Internationalization at Home’ (IaH) refers to ‘the embedding of international/intercultural perspectives into local educational settings’ (Turner and Robson, 2008:15) to raise the global awareness, cultural understanding and intercultural competence of faculty and students. One of the exemplifications in this regard is the trend that tertiary institutions in non-English speaking countries are increasingly offering courses in

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CATalysts for Learning: Elevating Education With Authentic Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs)

Classroom assessment techniques, or CATs, are invaluable tools for formative assessment in any classroom and represent a formative approach to assessment. Their purpose is to improve the quality of student learning rather than collecting evidence for evaluating or grading students. Classroom assessment provides faculty with real-time feedback about their effectiveness as teachers and gives students

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Integrating Technology-Supported Multi-representational Scaffolding Into Board Game for Learning Muscular System Physiology

In the teaching of muscular system of physiology, it is difficult for students to memorize a large amount of knowledge such as muscle names and movements generated by muscle contraction from the traditional classroom lecture, which in turn affects the motivation and learning outcome. A board game integrating technology-supported multi-representational scaffolding was designed to promote

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Analysis of Three Placement Test: Their Roles and Prospects

Many universities in Japan, specifically in the private sector in local areas, have been struggling to secure applicants because of the declining number of 18-year-old population. These universities have lowered their acceptance criteria to reach their capacity levels. Consequently, concerns have been raised regarding the declining academic levels and widening gaps among students. To cope

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If ChatGPT is Writing the Courses and the Assignments, Why Do We Need Faculty or Students? An Ethics Module on Academic Integrity and Generative AI in Higher Education

This presentation delves into the convergence of academic integrity and Generative AI (GenAI). It introduces a framework for a lesson dedicated to exploring the ethical dimensions of GenAI with undergraduates students. This lesson was piloted during the winter semester of 2023 and subsequently during the Spring intersession. It specifically targeted first-year undergraduates at a science

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Exploring the Synergy Between Digital Illustration and AI: An Artist’s Insight

Digital art has revolutionized the creative landscape by merging technology and artistic expression. With advancements in technology, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) in digital art has gained significant attention. This research paper explores the utilization of AI tools, particularly Dall-E (DE) and Midjourney (MJ), in the creative process of digital art. The artworks presented

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From Digital Media Literacy to Malaysian University Students’ Attitude towards Technological Usage by Using SMART PLS

The increasing adoption of technological gadgets in an interconnected world, facilitated by the ease of smartphone usage, has led to active participation in the digital realm. This participation has spurred the creation and exchange of ideas, beliefs, and opinions. Surprisingly, despite the pivotal role of technology in accessing online information, there remains a dearth of

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Promoting a Sense of Community in the Japanese as a Foreign Language Classroom and Beyond

Foreign Language Learning could be lonely tasks, memorizing endless lists of vocabulary, grammar, and sentences. In this post pandemic era, it is extremely important for foreign language learners to feel a sense of community when they learn a foreign language. Building a community and promoting a sense of community is a very important part of

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Segmenting Student User Profiles for Microsoft Teams at Kuwait University: An Investigation Using SUS and K-Means Clustering

In the context of higher education, efficient use of digital tools and platforms has become more important for both students and professors. The purpose of this research is to better understand the user experience and usability of Microsoft Teams, a popular communication and collaboration tool among Kuwait University students. To accomplish this, we used the

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HybridEdu Quiz Maker: A Tool for Creating Paper-Based and Online Quizzes in Hybrid Classes

This paper presents HybridEdu Quiz Maker (HEQM), a tool for creating paper-based and online quizzes in hybrid classes. The primary goal of HEQM is to simplify the process of generating comprehension assessment tests, making it convenient and efficient. Hybrid classes, which blend in-person and online instruction, often require instructors to create paper-based quizzes (PBQuiz) for

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Best Practices in Promoting Gender Equality in the Philippine Education

Integrating gender education into the system is the key to breaking free from biases, closing pay gaps, ending workplace segregation, and empowering women economically. It transforms education into a catalyst for societal equality. The present study delves into an analysis of the best practices of Philippine Education in promoting gender equality. Employing a qualitative design,

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Women’s Scholarship and Engagement in Policy, Pedagogy, and Development

The whole world has been observing changes that have been happening in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since 2015. Interestingly, most of the changes are targeting Saudi women in terms of developing – their rights, roles, and positions. Some people believe that Saudi women are strong creatures – strong mothers, wives, and workers in many

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Differentiating Indigenous Career Education in a Canadian Post-Secondary Institution

Developing skills to navigate career development and management is critical to a student’s long-term success and overall well-being. However, Indigenous students do not access career education at the same rate as non-Indigenous students. A 2010 report from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada documented a high unemployment rate for Indigenous youth between ages 15 and

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Exploring Student-Centered Initiatives in Virtual and Asynchronous Post-secondary Graduate Programs

As post-secondary education continues to evolve in response to diverse learners, graduate post-secondary programs have embraced virtual and asynchronous learning environments. This paper investigates the implementation and impact of student-centered initiatives within these contexts within online learning communities at the graduate post-secondary level. Educational institutions face challenges and opportunities posed by online learning environments including

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Systems Design Education in Industrial Design: A Hybrid Approach of Combining ID Studio and UX Design Courses as a Superblock

Traditional Industrial Design (ID) curricula have successfully trained students in fundamental ID skills. However, the increasing complexity of modern industries and technological advancements call for integrating Systems Design and User Experience (UX) principles. This paper introduces the “ID+UX Superblock,” a hybrid educational model combining ID Studio and UX Design to better prepare ID students for

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Case Study of the Use of the Interactive Annotation Software Perusall with Mixed-Proficiency EFL Japanese Students

This study reports on the use of Perusall in a basic university English course in order to understand how such software facilitates second language acquisition, particularly in mixed-proficiency language groups. This study focuses on the effect of text choice on student performance. The question centers on how the reading difficulty of a particular text affects

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Equity, Diversity and Inclusion – Challenges in the Integration Process of Young Refugees Within School Settings in Sweden

Cultural and ethnic diversity has become an increasing phenomenon in recent decades in many contemporary societies. That ethnocultural diversity is visible within school contexts in many countries in Europe and North America. One example of this is Sweden, a place that received more than 35,000 unaccompanied children and young refugees in 2015. This article presents

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Designing an Alternate Reality Educational Game That Integrates Virtual Reality and Storyline to Learn About the History and Culture of a Local Town

Local cities in Taiwan actively emphasize the preservation of town cultural assets and the creation of distinctive cultural attractions. In this study, we designed an alternate reality educational game, taking the love story of the town of Puzi in Taiwan 70 years ago as the theme, and connecting several representative cultural attractions. The learning objective

“Mother and Child Yoga” and the Change to Mothers’ Stress Levels: Examinations by Child Care Support at a University Attached Kindergarten

This research is focused on “Mother and Child Yoga”. In recent years, the stress of parenting has been increasing due to changes in the environment in which children are raised. Crnic and Greenburg (1990) discuss the potential for this stress to influence microsocial processes within the parent-child relationship and to contribute to dysfunction in children