Month: June 2016

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Efficient Method of Transaction Processing for Secure Mobile Bill Payments: Pay2S (Save&Safe)

This paper proposes a new method for transaction processing of secure mobile bill payment. Focusing on the performance of the bill payment system which compares the transaction processing of the new method and the tradition method. The transaction processing of the traditional method is a single bill, single transaction (SB-ST). The new method is payment

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Factors Affecting the Quality of Life of the Elderly in the Eastern Provinces

This research was aimed at studying fundamental factors, mental factors, and needs factors of the elderly in the eastern provinces that are related to the quality of life of the elderly in order to propose a model of elderly care. This research used mixed methods approach of quantitative and qualitative research. The sample for the

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The Study of an Impact of Immigrant-Worker on Public Health: A Case Study in Sakaeo Province, Thailand

This qualitative research aimed to study impact of immigrant-worker on health situation in SaKaeo, and proposed strategies to improve it. The site of study was Sakaeo province in the Eastern of Thailand, nearest Cambodia, which a lot of immigrant-worker. In-depth interview was used for collecting data. The researcher interviewed 20 persons: Tambom Health Promoting Hospitals

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Effect of Heat Treatment and Shelf Life on Chilling Injury of Mango Cv. Nam Dok Mai

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of heat treatment and shelf life on chilling injury of mango cv. Nam Dok Mai.The heat treatment of flesh mango during storage were determined by hot air oven set at 34 and 38°C for various intervals, i.e., 24, 48, and 72 hours, then they were subsequently stored

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The Study on the Development and Processing Transfer of Lip Balm Products from Virgin Coconut Oil: A Case Study

The purpose of this research was aimed to study the development and processing transfer of lip balm products from virgin coconut oil by herbal producing group of the Sibedsok sub-district, Banpho district, Chachoengsao province, Thailand. Their physical properties and stability test at various storage conditions were performed. The results showed that all of the formulations

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Revitalizing the Indonesian National Values to Strengthen the Nation’s Character

National values are not present in a vacuum. They grow and develop from the interaction of history so as to form a civilization that characterizes a nation. The characteristic is then institutionalized and becomes an identity of a nation. National values are a set of values manifested in a collective consciousness of the society and

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World Maritime Axis: Media and Indo-China Discourse

This paper deals with the study on both the Indonesian and Chinese media in covering the same event, i.e. some Chinese fishermen who were considered entering the Indonesian territorial waters. The Indonesian media that is studied is the daily newspaper Kompas Online, and the Chinese media is the daily newspaper The People’s Daily English Online.

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Handmade Toy Development for Early Childhood Using Local Wisdom

This study was aimed to develop and produce toys from handmade materials for young children by the application of local wisdom. The participants consisted of young children in the kindergarten school in Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. The selection was made by the purposive sampling from 10 schools, where each school selected 1 room, and each room

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Synthesis and Characterization of Bioi/TiO2 Photocatalysts for Waste Water Treatment

The main cause of water pollution was generally due to human acts. Activities such as transporting the already used industrial or generated waste water and garbages from the community and put them into the water resources. As a result of the pollution occurring, organic matters were degraded and natural forms were eventually changed into other

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Research and Prospects of Urban Morphology Evolution in the Information Age

The evolution of urban morphology is usually seen as a response of human science and technology in different periods. Firstly, as a crucial area, information technology would be closely associated with urban morphology evolution in future. Then, based on six aspects_º_relationship between urban and rural, regional differences, city scale, the central area, spatial relationships and

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ASEAN Community 2015: Model for Managing International Labour Migration in Thailand

To enter to ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015, human resources would be one of weaknesses for Thailand. There are more than 3.5 million persons from other ASEAN countries without Thai nationality living in the country, more than 3.0 million of them are working in the country, and approximately 1.4 million of them are not

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A Study into Residential Energy Use in Adelaide Metropolitan: Determinants and Effects on Household’s Consumption

Energy consumption in residential buildings is a significant contributor to world energy use and related greenhouse gas emissions, since residential sector absorbs about one-fifth of global energy demand stems for heating, cooling, lighting and running appliances in dwellings. This paper analytically examines the effects of various determinants on household energy consumption. Household characteristics, dwelling type

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Evaluation of Zeolite Efficiency for Removal of Cesium Ions From Seawater

Cesium is a radioactive material which is a big problem when it leaks into seawater. Zeolites are an alternative for removing cesium because they absorb cationic elements and are widely used due to their simplicity, high efficiency and low cost. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of NaCl treated zeolite for

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The Sustainability and Justice of the Conservation of Modern Architecture in Thailand

The study of modern architecture in Thailand highlights the period of 1932-1985 A.D. which depicted the period of cultural transition and the founding of civilization that has been shaped by significant social, economic and political changes to the nation. All this has been much reflected in Thai architectural works. In that period, numerous buildings and

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Removal Efficiency of Cesium and Strontium in Seawater by Zeolite-Fixed Bed Columns

It is documented that the Chernobyl nuclear melt down released large amounts of Cs-137, Cs-134 and Sr-90 (100, 50 and 8 PBq, respectively). The accident had a devastating impact on the marine environment. The main aim of this research was to study the removal of cesium and strontium in seawater by natural zeolite. The experimental

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Assessment of Impact of Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition on European Russia Forest

During the last two centuries, agriculture and the burning of fossil fuels have increased significantly the global pollutions and deposition of nitrogen compounds. Atmosphere nitrogen depositions influence on function of the natural habitat and limited nitrogen nutrition forests have particularly strong disturbance. The aim of our study was to assessment of effect of mineral nitrogen

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From Design to Management _ Task Shift of Architects in Urban Regeneration Process

The regeneration of old urban villages in China has entered a new stage. The past patterns of redevelopment of these areas caused many problems such as culture loss, social segregation, urban space fragmentation and over-exploitation. It is more and more agreed that the old urban village areas with long city history and complicated property relationships

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Nonvegetated Constructed Wetland with Graded Sand Bed System for Hazardous Landfill Leachate Treatment and Heavy Metals Removal

Three pilot scale non-vegetated constructed wetland with graded sand bed systems (N-VCWGS) were investigated for the treatment of hazardous landfill leachate and heavy metals removal. The reactors were filled with graded sand media. The pilot systems were operated at the same Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) of 5 days. The results showed that the N-VCWGS which

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Determinants of Profitability of Rice Farming in Peri-Urban Area, Bangkok, Thailand

Rice farming is not only beneficial for farmer, but also have a significant contribution to the share of agriculture in peri urban area of Bangkok. This study examined the profitability of rice farming and investigate some socio-economic factors affecting the profitability of rice farming in peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand. A questionnaire were administered to

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Contributing and Inhibiting Factors of Cultural Adjustment

There is a growing population of international students in U.S., and though previously only the elite or scholastically advanced students were able to study abroad, currently this experience is becoming more easily accessible. As this new demographic grows, questions arise on how to make international students experience in U.S. more positive and less stressful. Asian

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Teaching and Learning: The Approaches of a Modern Environmental Regulator

Established in 1971, the Environment Protection Authority Victoria (EPA Vic), located in Melbourne Australia, is the world’s third oldest environment protection agency. Like any organisation operating for in excess of four decades, EPA Vic has had to change and consider contemporary approaches to its teaching and learning practices for those staff engaged in regulatory or

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The Influence of Religious Beliefs on Participation of the Public for Local Government in Thailand: A Conceptual Perspective

The purpose of this study is to describe the empirical data corresponds the influence of religion belief variables that effect on people participation in Thepparat Sub-district Organizational Administration, Banpho, Chacheongsao, Eastern Thailand. The specific aims of this study are to 1) study the belief and religion variables that effect people participation, 2) examine the accordance

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Cooperatives as a Tool for Coproduction: A model for stakeholder engagement to strengthen home and community care

In response to rising demand for health and social services due to population aging and increased government austerity, interest in community-based service provision has grown. Effective community-based support for care recipients and informal caregivers allows individuals needing assistance with activities of daily living to be cared for at home and in the community as long

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Examining the Concept of a Special Relationship: A Study of Indonesia-Malaysia Relations

The aim of this paper is to examine the concept of a special relationship. A special relationship is a close relation between two states founded on two sources of closeness, that of the two states’ common identities and shared strategic interests. The paper develops a theoretical framework based on constructivist theory in order to explain

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Foreign Investment and Environmental Protection: The Liability of Private Enterprises Under International Environmental Law

Foreign investment and environmental protection entertain both synergistic and conflicting relations. On the one hand, foreign investment can harness the resources (financial and technological) to promote environmental protection through various channels (e.g. Clean Development Mechanism, socially responsible investing and private environmental finance). On the other hand, foreign investment may adversely affect the environment of host

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Social Fairness for a Community in Poverty in the Natural Area of Environmental Protection in Brazil: The Chapada Dos Veadeiros

The paper corresponds to the results of the Doctoral Thesis which investigated the possibilities for social fairness in a community of social vulnerability located in an area of environmental protection in Brazil: the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park (PNCV), in the state of Goi√°s. During the World War, the PNCV was a quartz mining area.

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Analysis of Linguistic Features and Functions in News Editorial Discourse Related to Social Issues in the ASEAN Community

News editorials are embedded with editors’ critical views on current issues or events. Within their critical views, language attitudes, ideologies, and values are carried to convince recipients of the editors’ views. In doing so, effective use of discourse is one of the key elements in news editorial production. In particular, the use of linguistic features

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Social Intervention: Center for Studies (IFG/GO) / Brazil in a Community of Small Farmers at Risk by the Use of Pesticides

The paper corresponds to an intervention of a Center for Research in Brazil (NUPEDEA) in a community of small farmers at risk situation by the use of pesticides. The study was conducted by undergraduate Chemistry students and professors from the University in Joan polis Brasil/Gois, in the rural area where the agricultures live and in

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Preparation and Properties of Konjac Bran-Graft-Poly (Acrylic Acid) Superabsorbent Polymer

Biopolymer-based superabsorbent was synthesized by graft copolymerization of partially neutralized acrylic acid (AA) onto glucomannan backbone in konjac bran via a thermal initiator system of potassium persulfate (KPS) and using N,N’-methylenebisacrylamide (NMBA) as a crosslinking agent. The synthesized superabsorbent polymer was characterized by FTIR and SEM. The influence of variables content on the water absorbency

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Utilization of Diatomite as Silica Source for the Synthesis of Ordered Mesoporous Silica Materials

Mesoporous silica is an important material which has wide range of industrial applications. Currently, it is produced from precursors that are costly. This paper presents the preparation of mesoporous silica MCM-41 materials using diatomite as inexpensive silica source and quaternary ammonium salt as structure directing agent by sol-gel method. The obtained samples were characterized by

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Research of Users’ Emotional Responses to Interactive Advertisements in Waiting Space

Advertisements that can evoke emotional responses from users have been proven to be more successful than their counterparts as they engage the user in a way that allows their message to be heard. This study focuses on the use of non-commercial public service advertising in intelligent waiting spaces over recent years. It analyzes the emotional

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Adsorption of Pb(Ii) from Synthetic Solution by Pomelo Peel

Agricultural biomass waste can be used for producing adsorbents, because it is as low cost material and friendly for environment. This research aimed to study adsorbent preparation from pomelo peel by chemical activation with 0.1 M HNO3 for investigating the removal efficiency and adsorption isotherm for adsorption of Pb(II) in synthetic solution. The batch experiment

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Assessing Solar and Wind Energy Technical Potential Using GIS Approach: A Case Study in Sumba Island, Indonesia

Sumba Island is characterized by low population density and inadequate public infrastructure which result in low economic activity and poverty. Nevertheless, abundant yet untapped renewable energy potentials are available across the island. Sumba Iconic Island program has been developed to create a role model for a remote island with 100% renewable energy supply. This study

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Determinants of Pro-Environmental Behaviour: An Exploratory Analysis

What strongly influences or determines pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) is a question of great curiosity across the globe. Solution to this research question has important implications for researchers, strategic planners and public policy makers. Multidisciplinary research seems necessary to answer this complex question identifying variables that influence PEB at individual level. In light of recent work

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Solar Powered Vapour Absorption Refrigeration (SPVAR) System as a Rural Microenterprise

The continuous increase in the cost and demand for energy has led to more research and development to utilize available and renewable energy resources efficiently. The absorption refrigeration system (ARS) is becoming more important because it can produce higher cooling capacity than vapor compression systems, and it can be powered by other sources of energy

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Drying of Fruits, Vegetables, Spices and Medicinal Plants with a Mixed-Mode Solar Drying System with Internal Reflectors

It is observed that, when the production is high, the farmers have to sell the food products on the same day of harvesting at very low price. A high moisture content of fresh food products leads to rapid deterioration in the quality of the product because of the growth of spoilage, toxigenic and infectious organisms.

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Information Management in the Company’s Information Space

In modern companies’ activities, information plays a quite important role. Without adequate information and without an effective management system, it is not possible to achieve success on the current market. This is particularly related to dynamic character of present markets. It should be considered whether this dynamism and globalization as well, are not the result

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Road to Achieving Indonesia’s Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC): Spearheading Stricter Preventive Reinforcement to Indonesia’s Peat and Forest Fires

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Conference of Parties 21 was a breakthrough, driving the agreement with bottom-up approach. It enabled both developing and developed countries to embrace climate reality, taking nationally-driven initiatives to contribute in reducing anthropogenic interference to the climate system, while still acknowledging the varying degree of financial capital, culpability

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The Use of Social Media in European Union Enterprises – Comparative Study

There are over 3 billion Internet users all over the word today. Over 50 per cent of them already use social media. The main role of social media is to build and maintain relationships between people from different backgrounds, with similar expectations, interests or preferences. Social media are now increasingly used by businesses, for example,

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Exploring Triangle Centers in Euclidean Geometry with the Geometry Explorer

The aim of this study was to have Thai preservice mathematics teachers explore and visualize various centers of a triangle (incenter, orthocenter, centroid, circumcenter and excenter) using the Geometry Explorer program. The participants comprised of 40 Thai preservice mathematics teachers at Rajabhat Rajanagarindra University, Thailand who enrolled in Foundations of Geometry course during the second

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Low-Cost Technology for Water Utility Management

The amount of fresh water in the Middle East region is scarce due to long summer seasons with rising temperatures, low precipitation, lack of fresh water resources and increasing population. Thus, the water supply depend mainly on non-conventional resources, such as desalination plants. In this paper, we provide a case study on water distribution system

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Achieving Energy Efficiency Through Industrial Symbiosis: A Conceptual Framework

The rising energy prices have drawn a focus to global energy issues and the severe pollution that has resulted from energy-intensive industrial sectors has yet to be addressed. To solve these industrial problems, much attention has been focused on Green Manufacturing and Industrial sustainability. By combining Energy Efficiency (EE) with Industrial Symbiosis (IS), the practices

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An Internet of Things Architecture for Elderly Home Healthcare

The problem of providing effective and appropriate healthcare to elderly and disable people home has been increasingly talked around. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is believed to enable home healthcare management to mitigate some problems. This paper presents a new idea, that of IoT architecture to achieve connectivity with the patient, sensors and everything around

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Comparatively Embodied Carbon Analysis on the Volumetric Prefabrication Elements and in-Situ Elements in Residential Building Development of Hong Kong

This paper reviews the embodied carbon footprint of volumetric prefabrication elements for residential development in Hong Kong. Prefabrication becomes a common practice in residential development in Hong Kong and is considered as a green approach. In Hong Kong, prefabrication took place at factories in Pearl River Delta. Although prefabrication reduces construction wastage, it might generate

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Seriously Funny: An Autoethnographic Investigation Into Humour’s Subversive Power

At the heart of the autoethnographic quest is a desire to examine the complex ways in which an individual and their surrounding culture intersects, and to explore the outcomes of that juncture. This paper details that pursuit, using an autoethnographic methodology to examine the way in which the author’s embodiment of humour has functioned to

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Effect of Using Paperboard Bacterial Culture on Fermentative Hydrogen Production from Paperboard Mill Wastewater

The effect of paperboard bacterial culture (PBC) supplementation during fermentative hydrogen production under the variation of initial substrate concentration to inoculum (S/X) ratio was studied. The paperboard mill wastewater (PMW) has been used as substrate. The results showed that supplementation of heat-pretreated PBC to PMW substantially improved the hydrogen productivity. Where, the hydrogen yield (HY)

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Effective Cognitive Stimulation Training for Mild Cognitive Impairments in the Elderly: Perspective from Participants and Interprofessional Teams

Introduction: Cognitive stimulation training (CST) was effective to reduce risk of cognitive decline and dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The proposed of this study was to explore factors that contribute to an effective CST for MCI elderly from perspective of interprofessional team members and participants. Methods: After finish 6 sessions of CST, data

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Synthesis of Poly(Acrylic Acid) Based Polymers as Quantitative Determined Scale Inhibitor

In present days, the use of water transported from the river as the source material for generating electricity is very common. Generally, this water needs to be purified before it can be used in the process. However, during the water purification process, some calcium ion that existed is not uncommon. The calcium ion will somehow

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A Virtualization-Based Laboratory for Learners’ Hands-On Skills of Hacking

Information security continues to be a popular concern in current days, leading academics and practitioners to contributing lots of efforts in this field. Inspired by The Art of War, this study considers that engineering students would learn better if they have hands-on experience of both attack and defense skills in security education. In this regard,

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An Overview of Research Projects Investigating Energy Consumption in Multi-Unit Residential Buildings in Toronto

High-rise multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs) constructed in the 1960s and 70s are a prominent form of housing in Toronto; comprising over 50% of the City’s residential stock. The majority of MURBs have become problem ‘hot-spots,’ due to ageing structures, poor maintenance and inefficient energy use. Studies indicate that MURBs are responsible for emitting over 2.6M

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Urban Governance and ‘Human’ Development Challenges in India

The development process in the developing countries faces many challenges: poverty, illiteracy, violence, social conflicts, corruption, and the ever widening socio-economic gaps in the society. The government of these countries, through specific political institutions, laws, and policies tries to de-entangle the society from these ills. But in India it has been realised that in order

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UN Essentials or Reinventing the Wheel: Rising Powers and the Decline of Trilateralism in Middle East Peace-Making

Amid a protracted array of efforts to secure a resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian question and the related wider Arab-Israeli conflict, the search for justice still forms a core element of the challenges facing the international community. While the traditional negotiating template centred on United Nations resolutions and international law has been somewhat sidelined since 1967

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Problem Identification and Prioritization Methods: Significant Steps of Forest Policy Formulation Based on Public Participation

Problem identification and prioritization is vital to policy formulation in managing forest resources because it is a fundamental step leading to an analysis finding out solutions for the problems. This research study aims at synthesizing appropriate problem identification and prioritization methods with public participation through the review of literature and related research. The research findings

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Waste Disposal Issues in a Philippine Upland Urban Center

Unsustainable human behavior and practices in relation to waste disposal invariably result to environmental degradation. Issues on these add to the ever-growing myriad of concerns and problems that beset highly urbanized centers all over the world. Previous and more recent studies on waste disposal in Baguio, an upland highly urbanized city in northern Philippines, indicate

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Suicide Prevention as Governance: Suicide Discourses in Post-Martial Law Taiwan

This thesis re-examines the current dominance of suicide prevention discourse and the widely accepted pathologized suicide implications in contemporary Taiwan. Increasingly constructing suicide as a personal and psychological problem, this pathologization of suicide has helped the creation of institutions, discourses, and national policies that work together to form a concrete demonstration of social and emotional

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Application Low-Grade Industrial Waste Heat for Power Generation Using Organic Rankine Cycle Power Generator Combined with Gas Engine-Driven Heat Pump

This paper presents a power generation using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power generation combined with Gas Engine-Driven Heat Pump (GEHP-ORC system) by utilizing the low-grade industrial waste heat. In addition, the GEHP is used to upgrade the heat with temperature below 70 °C before supplying to a 20 kWe ORC power generator. In this study,

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Framing of Nuclear Discourse at 5-Year Memorial of the Great East Japan Earthquake by Two English Newspapers in Japan

A useful theoretical framework for the study of news coverage is framing. According to Entmen (1993) to frame is to select some aspects of a perceived reality and make them more salient in a communicating text”. Making certain aspects more salient than others in media content leads to different construction of reality. This study uses quantitative

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Ecovillage and Its Application in Thailand

This paper aims to review the ecovillage concept and its applicaton in Thailand. Ecovillage is a type of community founded by a group of people who are interested in changing themselves to live daily without negative effects on environment, integrate life with nature, decrease natural resource uses, perform routine activities that least affects the nature

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Ecosystem Services of Rubber Agroforestry System: A Review

Mono rubber plantation is generally known to be a source of high economic income. However, various impacts on ecology remain controversy. In order to balance between the economic and environmental aspects, rubber agroforestry system (RAS), a system that rubbers are planted together with different kinds of tress, is seemed to be the great solution. The

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Living in a Conflict Zone: Story of Aging in the Southern Part of Thailand

Conflict in the southern border provinces of Thailand has been reported for decades. This paper aims to explain health conditions, social well-being, and compare between Thai-Buddhists and Thai-Muslims. 302 of the elderly in Thepha, Songkla were interviewed. We found that, most of them were young old, still active, and 96.8% could perform ADL and IADL

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Educational Policies for Aging and Movements in Thailand: A Literature Review

According to the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (2002), social and policy movements to increase an educational opportunity among Thai elderly had also been established and implemented. The objective of this paper is to review the education policy for the elderly and its implementation. The secondary data employed from several resources, either Thai

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Surface Level Wind Forecast Simulation Over the Land-Sea Area and Mountain-Valley Area in Thailand

It is known that the dispersion of pollutants from the source are mainly depends on velocity and direction of the wind. For the purpose of air quality surveillance of Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the regional atmospheric modeling system (RAMS) is applied for simulating 168-h low-level wind forecasts over area of two largest power