Month: November 2015

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The Distributional and Welfare Effects of the Emission Trading Scheme on Australian Households

The paper presents the effects of the emission trading scheme in Australia on price of goods and services, as well as on distributional income and welfare of household groups. I simulate the emission reduction target of 11% in 2009, designed to achieve the emission reduction target of 5% below 2000 level by 2020. The Computable

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Discussion on the Elements of Listed Energy Companies’ Environmental Information Disclosure in the New Context of China’s Environmental Legal System

Energy industry is the typical polluting industry. Listed energy companies face severe (internal and external) environmental risks for the particularities in their industry nature, scale, and stakeholders. In October 2014, China’s government departments canceled IPO environmental review (the content of this review is not just environmental audit, it concludes other environmental information verification), instead, the

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Role of Traditional Market as a Main Component of Javanese Cultural City Space Study Case: The City of Surakarta

Traditional market does not only function as a mere trading place; moreover, it functions as a place for life conception and socio-cultural interaction. In the scope of traditional Javanese city, traditional market is a part of basic component of typical city and an ever-existing part of the spatial arrangement pattern of cities in Java, e.g.,

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Concept and Practice of the Cultural Heritage Conservation after Flood Disaster: A Case Study of Ayutthaya, Thailand

Following the flood in 2011, the historical monument sites of Ayutthaya were also affected and damaged, the threat posed to cultural heritage by flood disaster analysed for six zones in Ayutthaya, Thailand. The vulnerability of 84 historical monument sites has been evaluated through a conservation calculation based on the approach conducted is based on previous

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The Dynamism of Old Wooden Houses within the Chiang Mai City Wall

Cultural sustainability is one of the key factors for sustainable development apart from economic growth, environmental stewardship, and social inclusion. It is also associated with protecting, preserving and conserving tangible and intangible heritage. Architectural conservation, giving a sense of identity, spiritual and symbolic as well as functional and economic values, plays an important part for

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Capacity Building towards Improvement of Energy, Environment, and Community Development Compliance in Indonesia: A Case Study of Pesanggaran Power Generation

Gas Fired Power Plant of Pesanggaran is one of power generation unit that currently operated by PT. Indonesia Power – Generation and Service Unit of Bali. Having vision to become World Class Services Company, Pesanggaran Power Plant contributes to Environmental Compliance (PROPER) Awards by Ministry of Environment. PROPER clustered into compliance and beyond compliance assessment

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Historical Notes on Forts and Floods in Colonial Iligan

The Sendong experience in 2011 was not the first major destructive flood in the recorded history of Iligan. Historical sources reveal that Iligan was hard hit by typhoons in colonial times causing rivers to overflow to its adjacent plains, washing out strategic posts such as the Spanish forts, built at the river-mouths of Bayug and

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Finding the Leverage Point in the Sustainability Crisis: Global, National and Regional Australian Responses.

From an economic perspective, the sustainability crisis is ultimately characterised by a worsening relationship between the resources required to support the global population and the ability of the earth to supply them. Despite the ever-increasing threat of a calamity, modern society appears unable to alter its course. The very systems which underpin global human endeavour

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Environmental Challenges and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Indonesian Perspective

Economic growth has become an objective of developing countries, including Indonesia. The sustainability of economic growth in developing countries depends on the sustainability of natural resources. Hence, it is very important to apply sustainable development principles to boost economic growth in developing Countries. The concept of sustainable economy should be integrated in the economic growth,

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Regional Disparity of Productivity and the Factors in Japanese Industries

This study examines productivity change and the factors of regional industries in Japan using a data set consisting of 47 prefectures over the period from 1990 to 2009. The data set is comprised of one output and five inputs for manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries; amount of real term production as an output and intermediate input,

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Management of Sustainability Activities in Projects: The Perspective of Project Managers

Managing project sustainability is becoming important in the last two decades. An increasing number of projects have built in sustainability considerations into project design and implementation. For instance, the “Equator Principles” as adopted by the Equator Principles Financial Institutions since 2003 have urged projects seeking project financing to meet the requirements of determining, assessing and

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Marketing Mix to Promote Tourism in the Nature Education Center for Mangrove Conservation and Ecotourism in Chonburi Province

This study specifically aims to investigate appropriate marketing mix model to promote tourism in Chonburi province. It consists of three main objectives: (1) to explore the components of the Nature Education Center for Mangrove Conservation and Ecotourism in Chonburi, (2) to study marketing mix in order to promote tourism, and (3) to study a model

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Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures: A Study of the Financial Characteristics and Capital Investment of the S&P 500 Firms

This paper examines the corporations’ decision to disclose information related to corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its implications. While there are no accounting standards similar to those for financial reporting, companies here in the U.S. and abroad have voluntarily started disclosing CSR information. While a study as recently as 2010 shows that only 30 percent

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Corporate Tax Aggressiveness, Corporate Governance and Firm Value: Evidences from China

Tax represents a significant cost to shareholders as well as to the firms, and it is generally expected tax aggressiveness are preferred. However, this argument ignores potential non-tax costs that could be associated with tax aggressiveness, especially those arising from agency problems and asymmetric information. This study investigates whether the tax planning activities is valued

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A Powerful Tool to Engage a Multi-Generational Workforce

This research examines the generational differences in an engagement model. A survey of 539 respondents was carried out where the unit of analysis is Malaysian employee from different organisation in Peninsular Malaysia. This study is backed by well-established theory from social psychology – the social exchange theory. IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics

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Empowerment or Disempowerment of Middle and Lower Level Managers as Efficient Model of Managing in a Manufacturing Company in Poland

During the field research concerning job satisfaction and commitment we noticed, that there are no fundamental difference between answers of middle level managers and workers. They complain the same topics to comparable degree. We done that analysis in plant, that is foreign investment of world operating company in Poland (Lower Silesia). The ample is composed

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The Role and Tasks of the Bursar on Controlling in Non-Public Higher Education Institutions (HEIS) in Poland

Since 1990 the number of higher schools in Poland is growing rapidly. Attractiveness of the sector of non-public HEIs is demonstrated by a constantly growing number of schools and their increasing revenues. However, statistical forecasts show that within the next 10 years the numbers of students will drop by around one third. Non-public HEIs will

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Bank Access, Insurance Markets and Financial Structure on the International Risk Sharing

This project re-investigates the extent of international consumption risk sharing across countries and time. While there are some works documenting that financial globalization/openness is related to the degree of risk sharing, we contribute to the current literature by further exploring the role of banking sector outreach and insurance sector development on the extent of international

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Decision of Incentives Type in Power Holders’ Hands: Joint Evaluation as a Cause of Overemphasize on Monetary Incentives

Most organizations emphasize monetary incentives more than non-monetary incentives. The practice is still common although ample of research showed it might have detrimental effects on performance and produce less satisfaction. Power holders in organization are responsible for this because the decision of incentives system is mainly on them. Recent research by Shaffer and Arkes (2009)

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The Study of Service Quality and Costs of Hospitals in Social Security System in Thailand

This research aims to study factors influence the medical service quality of hospitals in the Social Security System. Also, it considers the problems and obstacles of the services. Additionally, cost-efficiency analysis is included by using the quantitative and qualitative analysis. The study found that hospitals in the Social Security System have high service quality and

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Professionals’ Perceptions of the Quality of the Transnational Higher Education in Sri Lanka

This paper discusses the professionals’ perceptions of the quality of the transnational higher education in Sri Lanka. The main research questions focus on the priorities for quality in relation to the foreign degree awarding institutes of Sri Lanka and to what extent that the foreign degree awarding institutes of Sri Lanka implement and maintain quality

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The Effects of Using Non-Verbal Semiotic Elements in Teaching Vocabulary at A2 Level

This paper attempted to reveal to what extent using non-verbal semiotic elements (visuals, realias, maps, videos, body language, gestures etc.) influences the efficiency of vocabulary teaching. For this purpose, one experiment group (30 prep-class students from different engineering departments) and one control group (35 prep-class students from different engineering departments) were recruited from Karabük University.

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Crude Oil Intensity, Production Efficiency and Adaptability to Energy- Evidence from an Economy with a High Dependence on Energy Imports

Taiwan is an economy with highly dependent on energy imports. Change in oil price not only affects the cost of production, but also on the economic growth. Due to the international crude oil prices being relatively stable with low price except the first two oil crises, it has brought up Taiwan’s economic growth. However, after

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A Study on the Energy Certified and Consuming of the Supermarkets in Taiwan

The European Union issued the “EPBD (Energy Performance of Building Directive)” in 2009, as a building energy consumption labeling standards. Taiwan’s government to conform to the international trends, try to establish building energy certification especially for the retail store. The growth in the supermarket of Taiwan is very rapid, the number of the country more

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Energy Demand Exploration for Yogyakarta Energy Eficiency Plan

Yogyakarta is one of the provinces in Indonesia that has no fossil energy potential. All activities of the community in Yogyakarta Province is highly dependent on the stability of energy supplies from other regions, where almost all energy needs in Yogyakarta, such as fuel oil and Liquid Petrolium Gas (LPG) supplied from the outside area

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The Impact of Agglomeration Economies on Energy Efficiency in Japan

While environmental constraints are being strengthened, an important question that arises for Japan’s economic policy is how to best achieve regional economic growth and energy efficiency. This study examines the impacts of agglomeration economies that boost economic growth on the energy efficiency of Japanese manufacturing industries. Using a prefectural-level panel data set from the Energy

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Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Tableware Ceramic Production in Thailand

Ceramic industry is one of high energy intensive industry and major sources of GHG emission. This paper reported the GHG emission of tableware ceramic product in Thailand in the boundaries of “Gate to gate”. The activity data of the tableware ceramic manufacturing had been collected from a small enterprise manufacturing plant and 1 kg of

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Optimum Co-Digestion Conditions for Methane Production from Chicken Manure and Napier Grass by Single Stage Digention

The purpose of this research was to examine optimum co-digestion conditions for methane production from inoculum, chicken manure and Napier grass by single stage digestion. Combined Mixture Process Design was used to determine the optimum methane production. The experiment consist of different level of 4 factors which were temperature, Inoculums, Broiler and Napier grass in

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Energy Efficiency Application in Yanbu Industrial City

The Industrial City of Yanbu was established by Royal Commission of Yanbu (RCY) in the Red Sea to do commerce and to save time and fuel energy for commercial ship tanker coming from Europe via the Suez Canal. Thus, this time & energy saving concept is still one of the commitment of today’s modern city

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Solar PVs to Charge EVs in Auckland: Potential for a Community Based Approach

Auckland enjoys 2050 hours of sunshine per year, yet, in the absence of supportive government policies, the solar resource has not been harnessed to its full potential. Auckland Council is committed to a sustainable pathway in mobility and energy consumption, including aiming at 40-50% EV fleet and PV installations powering an equivalent of over 176

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Game Analysis on Stakeholders of Low-Carbon Building Market Promotion

Recently, the climate change has become a globe issue influencing human survival and development and all countries have taken steps to reduce carbon emissions to address climate change. Low carbon building is one of the effective methods to deal with climate change. However the low carbon building market is developing slowly. Thus, it is necessary

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Bioclimatic Solar Home Design in Bangkok, Thailand

This research aimed to study the bioclimatic home design in Bangkok, Thailand, and the installation of Photovoltaic System on the roof. By collecting the climate data from sample single-story house in Bangkok, having an open courtyard of dimension 4.00 x 4.00 meters. It is observed that the key of bioclimatic solar home design comprises of

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Comparison of Photometric Quantities and Photon Quantities of Light Sources for Interior Green Wall Illumination

Interior green walls which are vertical greenery systems inside buildings are gaining popularity due to their environmental, economic and social benefits. Different from exterior green facades, interior green walls usually receive natural light in a limited manner, resulting in a relatively low photosynthesis rate, which hinders plant growth. For this reason, a supplementary lighting system

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IPA Free Texturization Process for Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Cells by PTFE Mask

Silicon surface texturization is required for high efficiency solar cells to reduce light reflectance. Anisotropic chemical etching utilizes a mixture of alkaline solutions and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) in typical pyramidal texture process. However, the volatile pollutant and the cost of IPA are important factors of overall texturization cost and environment reduction approach. In this paper,

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Training Onshore Failure Rate to Offshore Cost Effectiveness Analysis in Condition Monitoring System

Offshore wind energy is a newly rising technology in marine exploration for its rich potential output in the past decades. However, unlike onshore wind farm, the offshore wind farm requires larger installation and O&M cost due to its complicated marine condition, and thus condition monitoring system plays growingly important role in this industry. The high

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Assessment of Carbon Footprint Organization and Analysis of Appropriate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Measures: Case Study PTA Factory in Thailand

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) become a mandate for counties that ratified the Kyoto protocol. Mainly, each county has to identify and develop greenhouse gas mitigation in their country. Thailand must prepare how to reduce greenhouse gas emission efficiently in the future. The petrochemical industry has high contribution of greenhouse gas emission and also capability

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The Effect of Deforestation on Sediment in the Upper River Basin of the Lam Phra Phloeng Reservoir, Thailand

Land use in the upper river basin of the Lam Phra Phloeng reservoir, especially the forested area has mainly been for agricultural and residential purposes. The area suffers periodically from floods and droughts. Increased erosion since forest clearance has led to the increase of sediment load in rivers draining into the reservoir. As a result,

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Light Pollution Mapping of Urban Human Activity and Land Zoning

Sky glow, a kind of light pollution, which brightens the night sky significantly results from the spill light of inappropriate or over-designed artificial lighting. It not only affects astronomical observations, but disturbs ecology system and wastes lighting energy. In fact, urban light pollution is related to artificial lighting made from human activities and nighttime urban

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Disaster Adaptation by Community for City Sustainability. Case Study: “Poor vs Rich Settlements” in Coping Flood Hazard in Jakarta, Indonesia

The presence of events caused by climate changing hit communities in Asia such as declining agricultural production and sea level rise at coastal area(Peng et al, 2004 in IPCC The Third Assessment Report). This phenomenon occurs at Jakarta’s coastal area that is manifested in damaging 5 year-flood. This study aims to look the process how

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Soil Water Repellency a Global Problem: Impact, Measurement and Mechanisms

Food security and production is a major global issue faced by society. It has become essential to work the land efficiently, through better soil management and agronomy whilst protecting the environment from air and water pollution. The reduced ability of some soils to become wetted and absorb water – soil water repellency – is a

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Sustainability of Local Food Supply Using New Agriculture Theory in Organic Farming Context in Uttarakhand, India

The purpose of this research was to explore the changes in livelihood of group of farmers in Dehradun, Uttarakhand India that had converted from conventional to organic farming. This research also based on secondary data using New Agriculture Theory (NTA) as a guideline of proper resource management in land and water. The research was inductive

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Classical Charcoal Making and Properties of the Charcoal from Palmyra Palm Fruit as the Traditional Community Practice

Survey on classical charcoal making from Palmyra palm fruit as the traditional community practice at Ramdang, Songkhla was carried out. Results revealed that as for the community way of life.The first experiment involved with quality assessment of charcoal obtained from 4 traditional charcoal making methods. Treatments were compared using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with

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The Global Ummah as a Communicative Strategy: Power and Identity in the Organization of the Islamic Conference

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s status as an international organization articulating the collective interests of Muslims was copper fastened by its role in the Danish Cartoon controversy of 2005-2006. Since then the OIC has become a prominent actor in the international arena, especially with regard to matters relating to Muslims in minority communities. The analysis

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Sino-Japanese Cultural Trade Development Status Quo and Its Influencing Factors – Empirical Analysis Based on the Gravity Model

This paper, based on the analysis of the Sino-Japanese cultural trade situation applies the gravity model into the field of cultural trade, from the point of view of the empirical analysis to study the impact of cultural trade factors, to identify appropriate measures to promote the further development of cultural trade. Studies have shown that

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English as an International Language in Japan: A Threat to Cultural Identity?

Language performs many important roles in society by allowing people to form and maintain groups as well as transmit information. Language also composes a core component of our self-identity and mental structures. English is currently the most widely spoken language in the world (Crystal, 1997) and thus the role of English as an international language

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Explaining Crimmigration in Indonesia: A Discourse of the Fight against People Smuggling, Irregular Migration Control and Symbolic Criminalization

Controlling migration in the world’s largest archipelago brings various challenges to the Indonesian authorities that differ from other countries. The difficulties become even more complicated since Indonesia has been known as the most favorite transit country for people who want to migrate to Australia due to its strategic geographical location, which is situated between the

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The Reasons for Women’s Labour Force Non-Participation; Empirical Evidence from Turkey

It is well known fact that women’s full integration into the labour market plays a key role for their personal and social development and also serves to increase the general economic efficiency of the country. However, Turkish women’s participation in paid work is at the lowest level among the European Union countries. According to the

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Apocalypse of Terrorism in Kashmir: Interface between Patriarchal Domination and Gender Issues

In the quagmire of terrorism in Kashmir spanning over a period of nearly three decades innocent women and children have borne the severest brunt. Terrorism is often described in the language/ idiom of ‘war’, usually by terrorists. Whether or not it is war is an important debate, though, it has caused serious destruction of lives

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ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption and Its Impact to the Rise of Transnational Crime in East Java Province, Indonesia

The rise of regional power comes with its consequences. ASEAN as the only regionalism in South East Asia is widely known in promoting ASEAN Community as its main purpose with three main pillars i.e : economic community, political and security community and socio-cultural community. In order to support the idea about “integrated community” and accelerate

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The Concept of Power in International Relations: Lessons from the Ukrainian Crisis

Russia’s ongoing political, economic and most disturbingly military involvement in Ukraine’s internal affairs has shaken the world in general and the Eurasian continent in particular. Despite many differences of opinion, most Western scholars tend to agree that Moscow thus demonstrates its adherence to ‘traditional’ concepts of power understood both as status and means of influence

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Hyundai, Hallyu and Hybridity: South Korea and Asia After the Cold War

This paper draws from Katzenstein’s (1996) hypothesis that identities or ‘varying constructions of nation and statehood’ (p. 46) play a role in state interactions. South Korea’s hosting of both the Asian and Olympic Games in the 1980s marked the beginnings of greater international visibility of the country. This was supported by chaebol-led industrialization and aggressive

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Food and Power: Global Food Challenges Affecting Interactions among Actors

This paper emphasizes on food as a source of power of states in international politics. During the twentieth century, there are growing challenges on food problem such as food scarcity, famine and more nations are depending on imported food. This situation has created a situation where food is became an importance issue in international politics.

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A Study of Efficies a Dissolved Oxygen Test Kits in the Water for Science Laboratories on the Method of Measure

There were two purposes of the study: 1) to development the Dissolved Oxygen Test Kits in the water for Science Laboratories on “The Method of Measure Dissolved Oxygen in the water (DO)”. The researcher made the Producer by using manganese sulphate to oxidize oxygen content that dissolved in water and made the solution was high

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A Preliminary Study of Factors Influencing Well-Being of the Elderly in a Rural Area of Thailand

This research was the survey research. The research aimed to study the personal factors, predisposing factor, contributing factors, and supporting factor that affect well-being of the elderly who lived in a rural area of Thailand. Independent variables included: Personal factors include 1) gender, 2) age, 3) career, 4) marital status, 5) level of education, 6)

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Responsibility of Armed Group for Sexual Violence against Women during Internal Armed Conflicts: The Case of Iraq

Women have become the most affected civilian group in armed conflicts, and they constitute the majority of all victims of sexual violence. A good example of such violence is what women have suffered in Iraq under totalitarian regimes, foreign occupation and now armed insurgency. There has been an increase in the number of armed groups

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The Experiences of the Members of Basic Faith Community (BFC) of San Isidro Labrador Parish, Virac, Catanduanes

This study explores the Basic Faith Community experience of San Isidro Labrador Parish in Virac, Catanduanes. It also identifies the personal, spiritual and community life of the members prior to and after joining the Basic Faith Community (BFC). The primary data were gathered from documents of the diocese; parish priest; priests directly involved in the

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Policy Implications of Leadership Instability in Contemporary Australian Politics

Australia’s Liberal-National Party (LNP) Coalition government under Prime Minister Tony Abbott has already confronted leadership instability, despite its decisive election victory over the Australian Labor Party (ALP) in September 2013. One of the great ironies of contemporary Australian politics is how the conservative LNP has become subject to similar party leadership turmoil which dogged the

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State Responsibility toward the Embodiment of Education Rights Protection of Disabled Community

The State has a responsibility to guarantee its citizen rights, and what means by these rights are the fulfillment of basic human rights, as one of the important things is the fulfillment of education rights. The fulfillment of this right should be able to be accessed by all types of society members. International regulation has

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The Power and Importance of the State after the Global Economic Crisis in Relation to the Concept of Neo-Weberian State

As a result of the economic crisis started in 2007-2008 the public began to look longingly in the direction of the state. Pushed aside by the dominant model of the New Public Management and the critique of bureaucratic administration, it suddenly became a lifeline for failing banks and other financial institutions. The society and the

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Out of Debt-Driven Economic Growth

My study shows the burden handling mechanisms of economic crises. The cases in this paper are focused on Korea and Japan at the domestic level. The both countries chose different politic decisions and brought unexpected outcomes through the economic crises. According to macro-economic, economic actors at the domestic level are government, business, and household. It

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Children and Domestic Violence: The Perspective of Abused Women in Malaysia

Domestic violence has been regarded as a significant social and public health problem in many countries. Notably, the impact of such victimization experiences may have adverse consequences not only for the victims, but their children, families, friends as well as the whole of society. The purpose of this study is to explore the abused women’s

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A Research and Development of Prevention of Primary Students’ Inappropriate Behavior from Internet by Self-Regulation Technique

A research and development of prevention of Primary students’ inappropriate behavior from internet by Self-Regulation technique was conducted by 3 objectives as: 1) to study current situation of primary students’ internet use and risk of inappropriate behavior 2) to synthesize children’s self-regulation procedure and 3) to compare inappropriate behavior of student between use and not

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The Bridge between Problems and Solutions in Design: Taking a Toddler’s Case as an Example

Problem solving in Industrial Design is focused on the realization of ideas. At the end, the ideas are applied as practical design solutions for product development. Designers generate ideas to solve problems based on their past experiences and creative thinking. However, there has been a gap between problem identification and solution generation within the design

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A Glimpse on the Anatomy of the Tribulations and Successes of the Chinese-Filipino in Lanao del Norte

This paper examines the various challenges encountered by the Chinese-Filipino in the Philippines, specifically in the municipality of Tubod and in Iligan City. It is relatively appropriate to state that the role and contributions of these Chinese-Filipinos in the Philippines has been considerably of significance since they are always associated with economic development. Primarily, this

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Continuity of Japan’s Soft Power: Historical Legacies and National Identity

Japan’s modern history sheds light on the ambiguous nature and effects of soft power as power of persuasion and power of assimilation—the former rested centrally upon its rapid adoption of Western institutions so as to gain equality with the Western powers, as is epitomized in Japan’s success in the revision of the unequal treaties; the

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Sustainable Urban Transportation with Demand Management Methods: A Case Study for Istanbul

Increasing population in urban areas necessitates increasing levels, mix and modes of transportation, roads, land use, which all lead to pollutions and waste of all sorts. Usually longer, wider and larger urban and interurban roads for motorized vehicles lead to further increases in number of cars with fewer, usually single, people in them, forming an

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The Construction of Low-Carbon Renewal System of Rural Community

Climate change has become a global issue influencing human survival and development while carbon emissions are the main factor. As the basic functional unit, community is the basic space to achieve low-carbon and use sustainable idea. China is a large agricultural country, and it is necessary to promote low-carbon community construction in rural. This paper

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Management for Disabled Workers in the Establishment of Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry in the Upper Northern of Thailand.

The study is qualitative research focusing on employees with disabilities in the fruit and vegetables processing industry. The results show that fruit and food processing enterprises in the Northern Part with more than 100 employees are required to employ one disabled as stated by laws. Almost of such enterprises employ employees with mobility disability as

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Reconstruction Model of Community Development for Energy Self Sufficient Village

Changes in Indonesia’s status as a nett importer of oil and the rise of international crude oil prices in 2005, led the newly appointed SBY government (in October 2004) to find solutions in fulfilling national energy needs. One of them is the development of jatropha oil as biodiesel. At that time, jatropha biodiesel would be

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Portable Monitoring Devices Using IR Technology and their Social Impact

Portable monitoring devices are widely used by people from different sectors of the society and their use is steadily increasing. Health monitoring and environmental monitoring have drawn the attention of many personnel as key monitoring areas that need major improvements. Targeting these advances, infrared (IR) technology has used to develop the imaging – type two

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Towards Sustainable Human Settlements Growth on Urban Fringe Areas with Case Study Semarang City – Indonesia

Early urbanization generally took place within an urban core but in the last few decades the process has moved towards fringe areas. Urban core is eventually characterized by marginalities, but on the other hand fringe areas have central characteristics. The role of an urban core decreases while fringe areas increases occur in almost all metropolitan

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Needs of the Provinces on the Academic Services of Higher Education Institutions to Promote and Support the Enhancement of Learning

The purpose of this research was to study and compare the province committee’s on needs of the province on the academic services of higher education institutions to promote and support the enhancement of learning, in four aspects : 1) the academic knowledge, 2) the providing training, 3) the providing advice or as a consultant, and

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Degradation of AEG PV Modules Parameters After 20 Years of Operation

Si-based photovoltaic (PV) modules are now a mature technology and their lifetime is in the range of 25 to 30 years in the operating field. During this period, many times, it is required to find out the health of the PV modules in the field in order to estimate the performance degradation after certain time

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Conversion of Black Wattle to Bio-Oil and Chemicals on the Continuous Pyrolytic Reactor

Black wattle (Acacia auricaliformis) is the fasting tree which used as fuels to electrical generation plant and paper mill industry. The residual biomass considered as a renewable resources with high potential for energy production while pyrolysis is application to converted biomass to bio-oil and fuels for the future. The pyrolysis of black wattle were performed

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Modelling and Analysis of Real Underwater Acoustic Signals Produced by Marine Energy Devices

This paper proposes a virtual underwater acoustic model that characterises the propagation properties and changes of underwater acoustic signals produced by marine energy devices. This model uses actual recorded sound data (low frequencies) emitted by similar devices, as an input to produce output data similar to those emitted by actual marine energy devices. Modelling of

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Comparison Analysis Between Rice and Cassava for Bioethanol Production in Japan Considering Land Use Efficiency

Japan has its national demand for rice completely covered, however in the past years total rice consumption had a slightly decrease and in conjunction of an increase in the average age of famers as well as urban expansions, the arable land abandonment has also increased. In that sense, experts and researchers are looking for alternatives

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Effect of Organic Solution based Additive on Exhaust Emissions of an Indirect Injection Diesel Engine

Exhaust emission from engine combustion is concerned increasingly to environmental effect. Fuel additives mixed for reduction of the exhaust are more interested based on no modification of the engine. In this study, exhaust emission and performance of an indirect injection diesel engine were investigated under the various fuel test conditions with mixing additive based organic

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Optical Advances in the Field of Selected Solar Technologies for Exploitation in Building Energy Efficiency

Research findings in the scope of building science and building engineering are more frequently looking for a challenge related to current issues, recent progresses and future directions in the field of buildings, sustainability and creation of healthy built environment. One of the major factors contributing to this issue is also integration of new progressive materials

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Sustainable Advances of Windows in Energy Efficient Buildings: A Perspective Novelty Integrating of New Conceptual Solutions

As result of building industry and its produces, buildings account more than one third of the primary energy use and roughly a quarter of the generation of greenhouse gases worldwide. Therefore, a reduction of the energy demand of buildings and increased use of renewable energy are of a high importance of climate change mitigation as

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River Flooding on Taipei City Area Inundation

Owing to geographic location of Taiwan being on subtropical monsoon zone, so typhoons and storms occur frequently. Typhoons and storms during summer and fall always cause several flooding, flood damages, and human lives loss in Taiwan. The major factors that cause flooding, landslide, and debris-flow in Taiwan are typhoons and storms of monsoon rain season.

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Effects of Turbulence Models on Microbubble Distributions in Dissolved Air Flotation Process for Water Treatment

Dissolved air flotation(DAF) system is one of the water treatment processes that clarifies wastewaters by floating internal contaminants to the water surface by attaching microbubbles to them. Since the first use of DAF for drinking water treatment in Scandinavia during the 1920s, DAF has been very widely used in treating the industrial wastewater effluents such

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Solar Photocatalytic Degradation of 4-Chlorophenol in Water with Novel Shell-Core P3HT@TiO2 Nanoparticles

Shell-core poly 3-hexylthiophene (P3HT)@TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by a physical deposition method using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a solvent of P3HT in a P-25 TiO2/THF suspension. The P3HT@TiO2 nanoparticles were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-ray Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV/VIS Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV/VIS DRS), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).

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Coastal Urbanization Impacts on Biodiversity the Case of Marinas in Singapore

Marinas are typically designed as a semi-enclosed environment with a complex mix of structures that provide ecological niches throughout the water body. Water flow is inevitably reduced with a possible decline of water quality. This investigation was conducted to determine how marinas affect marine biodiversity. The three marinas studied – Marina at Keppel Bay (MKB),

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Analysis of Recreation Satisfaction, Motivation, and Consumer Behavior at the 99-Peaks Forest Trail to Pursue Sustainable Forest Management in Taiwan

Sustainable national forest management is a day-to-day business as well as long term process in Taiwan. There are eight forest districts in Taiwan and they have common management problems to encounter huge demand in forest recreation from the surrounding communities. The Nantou Forest District has made more than 20 forest trails for general public in

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Analysis of Trail Visitors When They Pay Visit to a National Forest in Taiwan

Management of hiking trails on national forest is very important business in Taiwan. Trail visitors are demanding higher quality of forest trail experience making official foresters to take delicate management prescriptions on forest trails. Budget and man power are the primary two concerns. With limited budget and man power, some of old and dangerous forest

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Female Consumers Behavior Analysis and Marketing Strategy for a Beauty Spa

Beauty SPA is now a very popular leisure activity for females in Taiwan. Consumer satisfaction and loyalty is very important for beauty SPA management. The objective of this paper was to pursue female consumer behavior at a beauty SPA shop such that beauty shop management can be taking right market positioning and marketing strategy can

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De-Polarization in Delivering Public Services? Impacts of the Minimum Service Standards (MSS) to the Quality of Health Services in Indonesia

Some scholars argue that the decentralization policy tends to create polarization, an increase inequality/disparity among districts. To deal with this problem, Minimum Service Standards (MSS) was introduced as key strategy in decentralizing Indonesia. In this research, we are trying to answer whether the introduction of MSS cause polarization or de-polarization in the quality of services

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Developing the Methodology to Investigate the Thermal Comfort of the Elderly for Sustainable Living in Hot-Humid Thailand

Providing thermal comfort is one of the main requirements for housing and the ways in which thermal comfort can be obtained, closely relate to sustainability. This paper describes how a survey instrument was designed to measure the physiological and psychological condition of the elderly in the hot-humid climate zone with a view to enhancing sustainable

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Sustainable Management for a Long-Term Caring Center Taking Community Service as a Moderating Role

According to Ministry of Interior, there were more than 2.6 million people older than 65 years in Taiwan. It consisted of 11.15% of the whole population. Long-term caring for senior persons in Taiwan is now a booming business that delicate business prescription is a must for any private institution. No more than 48 beds in

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Sustainable Management and Environmental Limitation in Recreational Raft Industry at Cigu Wetland in Taiwan

Cigu wetland is one of few well preserved wetlands in Taiwan. It covers 2,997 hectares including the Cigu lagoon. The Cigu lagoon is now a famous eco-tourism site and recreational raft is the key component attracting tourists to enjoy their leisure activities at Cigu wetland and its neighboring communities. The objective of this paper was

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The Correlation of Imagination and Computer Graphics Ability of Visual Communication Design Majors

This study aims to examine the correlation of imagination and computer graphics ability of visual communication design majors. To obtain a better understanding of visual communication design majors, imagination exhibited before and after the students take related classes, a questionnaire survey with pretest-posttest design was conducted in this study. The consensual assessment technique (CAT) was

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Quantifying Uncertainty to Plan in Dynamic Environments

Uncertainty is defined by the lack of information to know the future state of a system. This definition highlights the importance of information in an era of constant change and turbulence. It is not surprising that greater the uncertainty in the environment, the greater the value and importance that the management of information takes. Even

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Make-Up Water Utilization Using WWTP Effluent Recycle: A Case Study of Grati Combined Cycle Power Plant, East Java Province, Indonesia

In 2013, average waste water production of Grati Combined Cycle Power Plant is about 3,801 m3/month within only less than 8% (eight percent) has been reused for reboisation. It requires more effort to recycle effluent of Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) in order to fullfil water conservation program and zero waste water of power plant

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Awareness on Fish Depletion and Fishing Practices among Fishermen around River Rima and Kware Lake, Northwestern Nigeria

Human dependence on freshwater fish is significant, owing to the nutritional value provided by fish to populations particularly in the developing world. Fish are overexploited or severely depleted as a result of excessive fishing quotas, illegal fishing practices and poor management of our freshwater resources. Fishermen around River Rima and Kware Lake were surveyed to

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The Party’s Command: Explaining the Near Absence of Military Coups in Communist Countries

Why are military coups almost nonexistent in communist countries, despite the fact that democratic, and authoritarian regimes in the developing world have repeatedly demonstrated serious vulnerability to such way of seizing power? Although there is an abundance of scholarly works that concentrated on explaining the nature of military coups, none have delivered a comprehensive analysis

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Opinion Formation under the Two-Step Flow Model and the GR Game Framework

The Gur game, an artificial game, associates voters in the game with finite state automata and a moderator with a reward function. The “two-step flow communication model”, a hypothesis based on empirical studies and then popular in marketing and diffusion research, addresses that the influence from the mass media may not be received by audience