Month: March 2015

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The Power of Nonviolence in Procuring Lasting Sociopolitical and Economic Change: A Christian Ethical Perspective

The world-wide phenomenon of violence today has become a dominating issue of profound concern among ethicists and social science scholars. Violence often finds breeding grounds where there is injustice and inequality. The issues of the place of violent actions in unjust systems and whether or not we should embark upon violent actions to bring about

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Pontius Pilate as an Embodiment of State Power

This paper wishes to examine several places in Karl Barth’s writings where he discusses the meaning of Pontius Pilate’s encounter with Jesus, and to see in what regard his study of this biblical figure may help to explicate from a theological perspective the nature of political power. Historical reconstructions of Pontius Pilate are numerous and

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The Association Between Free Will Beliefs and Stereotypes: People’s Belief in Fatalism Promotes Gender Stereotypes

The problem of free will has been analyzed by philosophers over the ages. In addition to these analyses, experimental philosophers and social psychologists have recently begun to explore the problem of free will from a different perspective. In specific, they examine what constitutes laypeople’s belief of free will and how these beliefs function in people’s

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Free Will Beliefs and Moral Responsibility: Disbelief in Free Will Leads to Less Responsibility for Third Person’s Crime

This study examined the effects of belief in free will on attribution of moral responsibility. Past research conducted in Western countries has found that people’s belief in free will influences subsequent social judgment and behavior. For example, induced disbelief in free will caused participants to give lighter prison sentences of the criminal (Shariff, Greene, Karremans,

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The Effects of Association and Emotion in False Memory

The purpose of this study was to discuss the effects of association and emotion in false memory by using a DRM paradigm procedure. This study employed a 3 (association: semantic association vs. category association vs. neighborhood association) × 3 (emotion: positive vs. neutral vs. negative) mixed design, to examine the effects of association and emotion

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The Relationships Among Learning Support Needs, Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Study Time and Test Scores in Learning Chinese

The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among basic psychological needs, learning support needs, self-regulated learning strategies, study time, and test scores in Japanese learners of Chinese. Self-determination theory posits four psychological needs: curiosity, autonomy, competence, and relatedness. This study explored the relationships among the four psychological needs satisfaction, learning support needs satisfaction

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Self-Efficacy, E-Learning and Online EFL Proficiency Test

Previous studies have reported that self-efficacy plays an important role as a predictor of learners’ motivation and learning. This study seeks to address the following questions: (1) Does self-efficacy influence EFL learners’ motivation for e-learning? (2) Does self-efficacy influence EFL learners’ online English proficiency test scores? The participants of this study were 60 EFL university

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The Relation between Acculturation Attitudes and Depression among Japanese People in Brazil

We focused on depression in Japanese people living in Brazil and a bidimensional model of acculturation considering orientation toward home and Brazilian culture. We also assessed the relevance of Berry��s four-cell typology of acculturation (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization). We predicted that mental health would be more stable if individuals maintained contact with both cultures.

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The Relationship Between Over-Adaptation Towards Peers, Psychological Stress, and School Adjustment in Japanese Junior High School Students.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between over-adaptation towards peers, psychological stress, and subjective adjustment to school in Japanese junior high school students. “Over-adaptation” was defined as the condition in which a person engaged in external over-adaptive behavior (self-inhibition and other-oriented behavior) towards others. A total of 949 Japanese junior high

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Role of Executive Function Among Young Adults in Music and Non-Music Programs

Each aspect of human development; physical, psychological and social development across life span is a critical issue to many researchers to examine. During the emerging adulthood transitional period, a person is not an adolescent but is also not yet fully adult. Hence, the word “young adults” is used to refer to this group under the

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Switching Task in Thai University Students in Music and Non-Music Program

Adolescence is considered a critical period due to the occurrence of many changes; physically, psychologically, and socially. According to United Nations Population Fund or UNFPA, there are 1.8 billion adolescents and youth nowadays, which is one quarter of the world’s population. Unfortunately, as reported by WHO, adolescents are faced with many risk factors including early

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The Effect of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Visual-Motor Integration in Adolescent Autism Spectrum Disorders

The goal of the present study was to examine the effect of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on visual-motor integration (VMI) in adolescent autism spectrum disorders (ASD). EAT was applied to eleven-year-old boy with ASD. The boy was attending in Cognitive Neuroscience unit of Human Development Academic Research, Mahidol University. The equine-assisted therapy sessions took place for

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Relationship among Social Self-Efficacy, Learning Activities with Friends and a Sense of Fulfillment in University Life

Increasing research has recognized and established that peers contribute to students’ school adjustment and academic motivation (Berndt, 1999). However, why good peer relations positively predict school adjustment has not yet been thoroughly examined, especially for university students. This study examined the relationship among social self-efficacy, learning activities with friends, and a sense of fulfillment in

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Correlation between Emotional Competence and Behavioral Problems in Elementary School Students with ADHD

This study attempted to explore the connection between emotional competence and adaptation to life in pupils with ADHD from Southern Taiwan. In addition to analyzing how 32 students with ADHD performed on the scales used, this study was also intended to show the current state of their emotional competence and adaptations to life. Results reveal

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Emotional Literacy among School Children

The purpose of this study was to clarify the development of emotional literacy, especially, understanding emotions and expressions of emotions. The emotional literacy should be important for managing interpersonal relationships. Subjects were 513 students aged 6-12 years (boys 250, girls 257) in two elementary schools. They were shown a questionnaire including three different vignettes depicting the

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An Analytic Study on the Therapeutic Boundary between Counseling Psychologist and Sexual-Abused Children

This study aims at exploring different types of therapeutic boundaries during counseling psychologist’s counseling process with the sexual-abused children. It also aims at providing methods for the counseling psychologists to use the therapeutic boundaries in order to enhance the counseling process as well as providing a practical approach and reference for professional counselors. This study

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A Study of Professional Helpers’ Experience in Self-Care Though Mindfulness Yoga

Over the years, the cultivation of professional helpers has focused on theory instruction and practical training. Few counseling programs directly address the importance of self-care in reducing stress and burnout in their curricula�]Newsome, Christopher, Dahlen, & Christopher, 2006 �^. In the process of helping people, however, the helper��s personal factors and well-being are interwoven with

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The Influence of Social Skills and Support Promotion on the Cross-Cultural Adjustment of Foreign Care Workers in Japan

Purpose: Based on economic partnership agreements (EPA), foreign care workers have started entering the Japanese care field. Foreigners�� cross-cultural adjustment deeply affects their growth as care professionals and, as a result, the quality of care they provide. This study examines the hypothesis that the social support provided to foreign care workers influences their cross-cultural adjustment

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The Schooling Experience of Exchange Students From China in Taiwan

The purpose of this study was to investigate the subjective schooling experience of exchange students from China in Taiwan. Another aim was to find out an appropriate support channels for prospective exchange students from China and the findings can further help university administrative staffs with policy-making and resource-providing that address the needs of exchange students.

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A Case Study on the Life-Line of a Mother of Multiple Children with Disabilities and Faced Limitation of Prenatal Diagnosis

Previous studies have revealed the impact of having a disabled child on their mothers’ quality of life (QOL). However, there has been a lack of research about the influence of having multiple children with disabilities on the mother’s visual depiction of her QOL. This study’s purpose was to examine the QOL trajectory of a mother

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Cultural Differences in Psychological Reactance: Responding to Censorship

People believe that they are free to engage in reasonable behaviors. When this freedom to act is taken away from an individual, s/he would experience psychological reactance, a “motivational state directed toward the re-establishment of the free behaviors which have been eliminated or threatened with elimination” (Brehm, 1966). Censorship can be considered as a form

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The Compositions, Antecedents and Consequences of Brand Loyalty

Retaining customers has become more important since the market is so competitive. A great deal of practitioners and academics have been devoting their effort to study how to create and maintain consumers’ brand loyalty because brand loyal consumers benefit a firm by reducing marketing costs. In addition, these loyal consumers are willing to pay premium

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An Investigation into the Use of Internet Pornography among Young Internet Users in Singapore

Introduction: The present study investigated the patterns and motivations of internet pornography use among young internet users in Singapore. Across the literature, studies have found high prevalence of internet pornography use (Brown & L’Engle, 2009; Lo & Wei, 2005; Peter & Valkenburg, 2006; Tai, 2014) with males consistently reporting greater exposure (Boies, 2002; Carroll et

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The Millennial Inventory: A New Instrument to Identify Pre- Versus Post- Millennialist Orientation

Millennialism is an influential topic in peace studies and religious literature, and is generally divided into the following two subcategories: premillennialism and postmillennialism (Galtung, 1965, 1985; Kay, 1999; Mason, 2004). Premillennialists subscribe to the belief that Christ will initiate the beginning of the millennial age (Galtung, 1964). Postmillennialists believe that Christ will come after the

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Modern Forms of University Students’ Extremist Behavior Depending on Cultural and Environmental Factors

Transformations in economic, political, social and cultural life of the modern society are causing an increase in extremist tendencies among the youth worldwide. Based on the anthropological approach, the study was aimed at identifying root causes (axiological, motivational, personal and socio-psychological) and a role of socio-cultural and environmental factors in the genesis of Russian university

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Ethics in Hong Kong’s Graduate Labor Market

Hong Kong, one of the financial hubs in the Far East and a gateway to Mainland China, is made up of a mix of people of different nationalities. Hong Kong have been continuously subject to influences from foreign countries mainly through internationalization and globalization of business activities. Global and multi-national corporations (‘MNC’) have a long

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Functional Intergation Between the Salience and Central Executive Networks: A Role for Action Video Game Expereince

Using resting-state fMRI, this study examined the influence of action video game (AVG) experience on two canonical brain functional networks – Salience Network (SN) and Central Executive Network (CEN). Based on the proposition that SN and CEN interacted with each other to support attention and working memory, we explored whether AVG playing, which required high

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Investigating the Evaluative Dimensions of a Large Set of Communicative Facial Expressions: A Comparison of Lab-Based and Crowd-Sourced Data Collection

Facial expressions form one of the most important non-verbal communication channels. Although humans are capable of producing a wide range of facial expressions, research in psychology has almost exclusively focused on the so-called basic, emotional expressions (anger, disgust, fear, happy, sad, and surprise). Research into the full range of communicative expressions, however, may be prohibitive

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Teachers-Students through the Formation in Parfor, Dialogues and Movements of Theirselves

This study aims to analyze the positions of “I-voices” and movements throughout a training process offered by the Plano Nacional da Formação de Professores da Educação Básica (PARFOR) (National Plan of Basic Education Teachers Formation) at Serrinha, Bahia, Brazil. The research was based on the theoretical and methodological framework of the dialogical self of Hermans

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Risk Management and Counseling Chinese Students and Scholars in United States

Rising mental health issues have been recorded across university campuses in the United States alongside the increase in the Chinese international student population over the past 20 years (Zhao, 2005). These issues include domestic violence, stalking, depression, and suicides (National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). This study discusses mental health issues among Chinese students and

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Learner Classroom Engagement: Definition, Measurement and Data Usage

Knowing what it means for students to be engaged in classroom learning and how to measure this complex variable is a challenge in any learning environment. One logical approach which can be taken to defining it is to consider the behavioral (actions), emotional (feelings) and cognitive (investment of efforts) engagement of students during learning (Fredericks,

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Discovering Microfluidics Technology Opportunity Using Patent Analysis

Purpose – Recent trends of technology innovation emphasize the notion of dominant designs for next-generation products. Technology-based firms, especially in biotechnology field, have to spend plenty of resources in R&D in order to identify appropriate technology opportunities for sustaining their competitive advantages. To help SMEs to discover new technological opportunities with a relative lower cost,

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The Employee Outcomes of Workplace Favoritism in Turkish Public Sector

This paper investigates the effect of workplace favoritism on job satisfaction and intent to quit, and mediating the role of job frustration in these relationships. Data was collected from a sample of 267 public hospital employees in Turkey. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that workplace favoritism was directly and indirectly effect on intent to quit

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Internal Image of the Organization and Commitment of Employees

Purpose of the research is to identify the relationship between the internal image of the organization and commitment of employees. Hypotheses of the study: 1) there is a relationship between the internal image of the organization and organizational commitment of employees; 2) affective component of organizational loyalty is mostly associated with the components of the

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Improving Customers Satisfaction to the Development of User Interface Design for Mobile Shopping through QFD

Retailers are trying hard to develop good relationships with their customers through mobile devices (e.g., smart phone, Tablet computer, etc.). Utilizing mobile devices is a low-cost and real-time way to provide high-quality service/ product for customers,which is a direct medium between retailers and end customers. However, unfriendly user interface (UI), such as small-size screen, low-resolution

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A New Way to D.I.E.: Intercultural Communication Strategies

This workshop provides a brief overview of pertinent research and major theories related to communicating with people of different cultural backgrounds, as well as fun and useful techniques and strategies to use when counseling individuals, couples, and families; teaching in international or multinational classrooms; working or consulting in international or multinational school offices, companies, and

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Verticality of Space in Japanese and English with Image-Schema in Cognitive Linguistics

The purpose of this study is to analyze the reconceptualization of lexicon-grammar in a linguistic category of vertical space from Japanese to that of English with image-schema. Talking about space substantially differs among cultures, despite the fact that physical space is the same everywhere (Bowerman, 1996; Levinson, 2003; Pederson et al. 1998). Primary differences between

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The Impact of the 101s Storybook Intervention Program on Executive Function, The 101s Social-Emotional Skills, and School Achievement in Preschoolers

Multidisciplinary research in child development has underlined the significance of executive function (EF) development to children’s school and life success. Previous research in the 101s positive discipline training program; the U.S. national winning-award program for training parents, teachers, and early childhood educators to promote children’s social-emotional and cognitive skills, have showed the positive impact on

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Episodic Occurrence of Cognitive Dissonance among Nurses and Midwives in the Regional Health Units of Southern Cebu

Content Analysis: I. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to explore the experience of cognitive dissonance among the catholic health workers particularly nurses and midwives employed at the regional health units of the southern part of Cebu with the end view of proposing a model explicating its onset. II. METHODOLOGY The study utilizes the

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The Impact of End of Session Exams on Students’ Learning

Educating professional doctors who are familiar with modern knowledge and up to date is of an utmost importance. In this research, the impact of an exam at the end of the class session has been used to evaluate students’ learning. This research took place at Islamic Azad University Tehran Medical and Dentistry branches. 329 subjects

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The Development of an Instructional Design Model on Facebook-Based Collaborative Learning to Enhance EFL Student’s Writing Skills

Writing is one of the essential skills that EFL students, specifically in Thailand, need to achieve during their learning English at tertiary education. However, they have few chances to practice writing skills. As many people explore its potential, Facebook can be a great way for both educators and students with writing. This study aims to

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Open Learning EFL Systems: A Multi-Faceted Approach

This presentation reports on a one-year longitudinal study that adopted a blended teaching approach and aimed at designing and implementing an online EFL course to be used by students aged 13-16 years old along our more traditional face-to-face lessons. The reason for creating a more dynamic learning environment aligned with the rest of the curriculum

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Leadership in Building a Sustainable Future: Education, Equity and the Economy

Traditionally, the mission of public schooling has been to serve the common good through upward mobility, transfer of knowledge and inculcation of social values. Managing change is what school leaders do. As well, one of the primary characteristics of the effective school leader is to have a sense of futurity to ongoing improvement of students

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Administrative Support and Teacher Efficiency: A Study of Teachers’ Perspectives from Pakistan

Implementation and enhancement of learned teaching methodologies depends on the support teachers receive from the administration. (Cavanagh and Silcox as cited in Rawat, Thomas and Qazi, 2012). This study articulates the opinion of trained secondary school teachers graduated from Notre Dame Institute of Education (NDIE) about the “Administrative Support and Teacher Efficiency” school teachers during

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Language Processing Technology and Corpus Linguistics: A Critical and Reflexive Perspective About Teaching and Learning Procedures Focused on English Vocabulary

Nowadays, computerization of teaching is a noticeable fact, which promotes students’ and teachers’ integration in the contemporary world. In our research, we intend to explore a Teacher-Training Degree developed to qualify Portuguese-English professionals, focusing on new technologies that may provide greater autonomy. In order to present to future English teachers an example of technical approach

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Comparing Elements of Electronic Curriculum and In-Person Training

Introduction: Today, the speed of doubling of science, application of new technologies and thus the need to more training and consequently more costs, have made the education organizations and institutes use new education strategies. One of these strategies is electronic training. The characteristics of electronic curriculum based on Frances Klein Pattern is compared with those

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Development of a Blended Instructional Model Via Weblog to Enhance English Summary Writing Ability of Thai Undergraduate Students

The objective of this research and development was to develop an effective blended instructional model via weblog to enhance English summary writing ability of Thai undergraduate students. A sample group in the English program of Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University was studied in academic year 2010-2013. The research instruments were an effective semi-structured interview form, the