Month: July 2014

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Peace Education for Iraq’s Population

Iraqi education has for long been suffering from an out-dated curriculum, poorly qualified teachers, overcrowded classrooms, lack of exposure to developments, but above all an environment that is not conducive to prepare children to be peace loving global citizen. Bearing in mind the diversity of ethnicities, religions, minorities and languages that live in Iraq, what

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Learning and Teaching Transformative Processes

Scientific studies never replace or supplant subjective theories, but, in the best case, enter a productive symbiosis; they can contribute to reflecting on and understanding one’s own assumptions and thereby making them available to change. Therefore, it is pedagogically sensible to address this tension between scientific and subjective theory, and thereby making pedagogical reflection accessible.

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Student Voice’s Experiences for the Teacher Development an Analysis of Best Practice Guidelines.

Based on the idea of inclusive education, a lot of initiatives are being carried out in order to improve the presence, participation or success of students at school, paying especial attention on those who due to gender, age, ability or ethnicity have been traditionally marginalized, silenced and have been suffered a process of “disempowerment” (Fielding,

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Learning Skills in Journalistic Skepticism while Recognizing Whistleblowers

This paper explains a didactic program of blending provocative teaching method with experiential learning – within the third year of the Bachelor of Journalism and Bachelor of Communication and Media Studies – University of Wollongong, Australia. There are pedagogical imperatives for developing the professional ‘self’ in respect to citizenship, journalistic values and practice. The challenge

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Education After the Arab Spring: Alternative Philosophy to Develop Awareness Towards the Other

Young children of Arab countries after the Arab Spring are experiencing great political pressure, conflicting ideologies, and are becoming a laboratory for violence and warfare, lacking positive relationships and community participation. These children instead of growing in maturity and spiritual insightfulness are overwhelmed with various hedonistic pursuits. What is needed is a foundational system of

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Examining and Determining the Effect of the Research Methods Used by Teachers on their Educational Performance

This research is done to examine and determine the impact of the research methods used by teachers in their educational performance. The Statistical Society is all of the researcher teachers in the Tehran city Educational organization whose researches have been chosen by the Organization and relative departments. The tool used in this study is researcher

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Case Study: University of Experience and New Technologies Subject

The University Program of the Experience (UPE) at the University of Salamanca (Spain) includes three courses that consists of three obligatory subjects of 10 hours each one, three optional subjects of 10 hours each one and a minimum of 15 hours for complementary activities (conferences, monographic courses, cultural trips, etc.). The University for mature students

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Collaborative Becoming Engaging in ‘Guided Reflexivity’ to Develop Teaching Practices in the Post Compulsory Education and Training (PCET) Sector

Based on the journeys of transformation towards becoming teaching practitioners in the Post Compulsory Education and Training (PCET) sector, this paper discusses ways in which interactions between trainee teachers and established teaching community members may be utilised as opportunities for collaboration and development. Beginning with a brief critical reflection on trainees’ accounts of their experiences

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Educational Practice and Professional Identity among Volunteer Correctional Educators: Becoming a Teacher Behind Bars

This case study examines the experiences of 8 volunteer educators working in a rural county jail in the northeastern United States. More specifically, it explores the challenge of developing a critical educational practice and nascent professional identity in a context otherwise alien to them and on the “borderlands” of contemporary educational practice It is well-documented

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Contests As a Way for Changing Methodologies in the Curriculum

Digital Competence involves the confident and critical use of Information Society Technology for work, leisure and communication. It is underpinned by basic skills in ICT: the use of computers to retrieve, assess, store, produce, present and exchange information, and to communicate and participate in collaborative networks via the Internet. Some arguments cited for promoting the

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Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception and Attitude about Service-Learning in Social Studies Curriculum in Nigeria

Nigeria at centenary is dwindled with poverty and high illiteracy rate, where there is corruption and corresponding increase in unemployment, ineffective governance and apathy on the part of the citizens among others. As a result of these situations, there seems to be a paradigm shift to envisioning many new approaches to educational system to bridge

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Dominant Multiple Intelligences among Students of Medical and Health Sciences

Unlike in the past, studies on learner’s performance are now attributed to the dynamics of Teaching-Learning Process and not only on lack of motivation on the part of the learner. The major challenge for the Outcome Based Teaching (OBT) is that of selecting teaching methods that encourage all students with different cognitive abilities to achieve

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Realising Teacher Quality at the M-Level

In Brunei Darussalam the national university is the main provider of initial teacher education. In 2009, undergraduate initial teacher education formerly provided by the University ceased and was replaced by graduate provision through a Master of Teaching (MTeach) degree programme. The goal was to improve the quality of teaching to achieve the national aspiration for

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The Role of Teacher’s Written Formative Feedback on Students’ Critical Thinking

In higher education formative feedback has positive effects when it facilitates the development of students’ reflection and self-assessment in learning (Nicol, Thomson, & Breslin, 2014). Nevertheless, an increasing pressure of workload on university teachers makes the design of formative feedback strategies more difficult to implement (Yorke, 2003). This study shows innovative ways for promoting written

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Remarkable Experiences in a Narrative Memoir of a Student of Portuguese/English Teaching Practicum From the School of Education at UFRJ

From a socio-interactional perspective of discourse, this research aims at investigating the written narrative of a student of English and Portuguese Teaching Practicum from a Letters undergraduate Course at UFRJ (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), in which she displays some of her remarkable experiences in the supervised teacher education course. The research involves multiple

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Critical Thinking As a Tool for the Development of Interdisciplinarity in University Education.

An interdisciplinary approach is a synthesis of two or more disciplines that result in establishment of a new scientific discourse, while the knowledge that results from it has an integrative character. For example, Galileo’s method of applying mathematics to scientific explanation amounted to the establishment of a new interdiscipli¬nary platform for the scientific objectivity and

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Best Practices of School Inclusion for Pupils with SEN

Throughout the last 40 years, there has been an increasing need to implement effective inclusive school models, and these are often based on the principles emerging from the Salamanca Conference (1994) and the UNESCO Guidelines on Inclusion (2005). Although the current trend is to include students with special education needs (SEN) in a common school

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A Global Learning Experience Narratives of European Immersive Clinical Nursing Exchanges

Lifelong learners such as nurses require skills to flexibly respond to change, proactively develop their competencies and participate successfully in society (Redecker et al 2011). European placement exchanges can provide this and support Leuven’s 20/2020 target to increase student mobility (Sweeney 2012). Learning in placement provides 50% of the educational experience for pre-registration nursing students.

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Neuro-Teaching in Primary School. The Principles of Feuersteins Mediated Learning Integrated into School Curriculum

The aim of this experimental research is to examine Prof. Feuerstein�s educational theory. By developing Piaget and Vigotskij�s theories, Professor Feuerstein has elaborated a method to teach students how to learn through the development of an active structural approach, which is effective for learning and to build habits for a continuous research for flexible strategies

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Strategies for Digital Inclusion towards a Pedagogy for Embracing and Sustaining Student Diversity and Engagement with Online Learning

This working paper reports on a PhD research study that aims to develop a conceptual framework for effective learning approaches that influence digital inclusion and exclusion of diverse students. The study will move away from the traditional definitions of diversity and explore the different characteristics of a varied learner population in a modern-day setting using

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Implementing Incidental or Intentional Vocabulary Learning Strategies: Estimating the Receptive Vocabulary Size of University Level English Language Learners in Malaysia

The notion that we can acquire most of our vocabulary – a core component upon which language proficiency is reliant – through extensive reading (ER) is now entrenched within second/foreign language teaching. The reported benefits of ER are encouraging, specifically in the areas of reading comprehension, grammatical competence, and vocabulary knowledge development. ER on its

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Done with the Do’s in a Venn

Taking the challenge to engage ESL (English as a Second Language) learners in settling a confusing language structure in English language teaching,the researcher applied the set theory in the Venn Diagram. With college students in three (3) ESL classes as participants in the study, the uses and correct usage of the do-support verbs in sentences

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The Attitude toward the English One Course by First Year Students

English 1 is a compulsory subject that all first year students in Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Songkhla have to study and pass. The achievement of the students each academic year was not satisfied. It was found that there are a large number of the students who did not pass in this course. The information

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Multivariate Gradient Analysis for Evaluating and Visualizing a Learning System Platform for Computer Programming

This paper explores the application of canonical and gradient analysis to evaluate and visualize student performance and acceptance of a learning system platform. The subject of evaluation is a first year BSc module for computer programming. This uses ‘Ceebot’, an animated and immersive game-like development environment. Multivariate ordination approaches are widely used in ecology to

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The Common Semantic Feature of ‘Irregular’ Noun Plural Forms in English

There is only a limited number of Noun Plurals like foot-feet, goose-geese and Past Tense verb forms such as sing-sang, win-won that are produced by Internal Vowel Alternation (IVA) and today these forms are considered to be irregular in Modern English, i.e., they do not follow the rules of Past Tense /+(e)d/ and Noun Plural

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Place-Name Target Multi-Source Metaphor and Metonymy

The paper considers metaphorical and metonymical descriptions of places when a place-name target domain correlates with two or more source domains. It is argued that the target and the sources are united by means of some common element, which provides wholeness of the multi-source metaphor/metonyny. Such metaphors and metonymies are represented by the structure ‘A

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Tablet Reading Bridging the University and Children in Remote Areas

Faced with limited resources and human support, children in remote areas encounter many difficulties in learning and reading with the use of modern technological devices. To help these children experience mobile reading activities with innovative technology, donation of tablets from the industry was initiated. Follow-up services to learning sites were provided by the university library.

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Language Learners Perceptions and Experiences on the Use of Mobile Applications for Independent Language Learning in Higher Education

With the widespread use of mobile phones and portable devices it is inevitable to think of Mobile Assisted Language Learning as a means of independent learning in Higher Education. Nowadays many learners are keen to explore the wide variety of applications available in their portable and always readily available mobile phones and tablets. The fact

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Cool Informatics: A New Approach to Computer Science and Cross-Curricular Learning

Children grow up as “digital natives“, but nevertheless, they don’t know the concepts behind technology and they don’t choose technical careers because of different reasons. In many countries there is a lack of experts, particularly females, in technology and computer science. Reasons for this situation may be missing interest or the belief that technology is

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Contrastive Analysis of French and Yoruba Language

Language as an instrument of communication tends to produce divers effects through linguistic structure. All communication is grammatically governed by certain rules that have to be internalized in the listeners and speakers subconscious. It is evident however, that the grammatical analyses of words are of importance in the study of language. This paper tends to

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Social Media in the Classroom: Facebook vs. Wiki

Undoubtedly, social media have been revolutionizing students’ ways of communication and interaction with others. The increasing popularity and influence of social media provide opportunities for instructors to leverage the power of new technologies, applications and platforms to improve teaching and student performance. In particular, students are increasingly relying on social media to facilitate their communication

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Parental Concerns Towards the Use of Social Networking Sites Among Adolescents and the Impact on the Family

The study aims to focus on the perception of parents towards the use of social networking sites (SNS) and its impact on the family. The research employed a descriptive survey design and the data of 150 parent and 100 adolescents from tertiary institutions in Lagos state. The instrument used was a questionnaire. Two sets of

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Interlanguage (Il) Development and Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) Proficiency Levels in Sardinian High Secondary School Students

This paper is part of an ongoing larger study, whose general goal is to identify, classify and explain features of Italian-Sardinian/English interlanguage (IL) of second-language English learners in samples of written language, against the CEFR levels of language competence. The research questions to which the paper will try to answer are as follows -Is there

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Meaning for Meaning: Applying the Theories of Dynamic Equivalence and Contextual Correspondence in Language Translation

The effectiveness of “dynamic equivalence” and “contextual correspondence” as theories/approaches in language translation was tested in two translation contexts: (1) applying and testing the theories in translating scientific articles on food biotechnology, and (2) using the theories to analyze the cultural meanings of “storm surge” in the context of the super typhoon “Haiyan” (“Yolanda”). For

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Tweeting the Disasters: A Sample from Geography Course

It has been a necessity to select and use popular information technologies depending on the content of the course in order to meet the learning needs. In this study, the following of up-to-date information about disasters was ensured in “Geography of Disasters” course during a semester by using Twitter, some information, precautions and news about

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The Effects of Wiki-Based Recursive Process Writing on Chinese Narrative Essay for Chinese as a Second Language (CSL) Students in Singapore

This paper reports on the effects of using wiki-based process writing in Singapore’s Chinese as a second language (CSL) scenarios. A group of 32 Secondary 1 (Seventh Grade) students (“Students”) had been receiving various forms of online scaffolding at different steps of writing process over two years. A whole set of teaching materials on 45

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Case Study: The Use of Wikis As a Teaching-Learning Tool in Science Subjects

In recent years the university studies have change, at all Spanish Universities, together with some other universities from 45 European countries. The Bologna Accord made us change our qualifications and the educational system at the same time. We moved away from a teaching-as-instruction system towards a student-centred system. That has led us to modify the

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Language, Culture and International Communication

We start by reviewing the relevant literature on World Englishes which proposed any form of English for international communication, considering it as the contact language with the broader level of meaning of all speakers irrespective of their English language acquisition history. Based on that input we first bring evidence of the cultural aspect of language

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Native English Speaker Teachers Versus Non-Native English Speaker Teachers in King Khalid University: Myths and Realities

Native English Speaker Teachers versus Non-Native English Speaker Teachers in King Khalid University: Myths and Realities A small number of studies have addressed the debate comparing native English speaker teachers (NESTs) and non-native English speaker teachers (NNESTs). However, most of the studies focused on teacher rather than student opinions. The present study examine ESL Saudi

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Palestinian Liberation Theology. Seeking Social Justice through a De-Zionization of the Holy Scriptures

This proposal focuses on the development of a Palestinian Liberation Theology as a consequence to the establishment of the sovereign State of Israel. In particular, the paper examines the ecumenical efforts set forth by Sabeel a liberation theology movement established in 1990 near Jerusalem. This center addresses both the question of promoting an inclusive non-Zionist

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Gender Dynamics and the Sacred Space of Goa

Goa, an idyllic state on the West coast of India is dotted with Hindu temples that were created in the ancient times by the village communities popularly known as Gãonkaris. The primacy of the Mother Goddess in the ritual worship is a clear indication that the local community was following the Fertility Cult. The belief

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Role of Community in Strengthening Identity of Cultural Tourism Resource in Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Nakhon Pathom is an important city in central Thailand that has historical and Buddhist significance. This culturally diverse city is known as the home of the biggest pagoda in Asia. Within this context, this research aimed to: 1) study the potential for cultural tourism at Klang Khu Wiang Temple; and 2) investigate the problems and

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Is there any Connection/Relation between Ad Creativity and “Old Brain”? Analyzing Awarded Advertisements through Neuromarketing

Creativity is a central component of advertising success and in a close relation with the other components like getting interest and attention. Many awards in the advertising business focus on creativity, only a few focus on the effectiveness of advertising. Neuromarketing is a new field of advertising research which tries to understand consumer’s mind. It’s

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Customer Reactions to Service Providers Assertiveness

Despite the acknowledged important of interpersonal interaction in the service encounter, there remain gaps for further investigation particularly on uncovering dimensions of service quality pertaining to behaviors during the interpersonal interaction and the resultant responses from customers. The study investigates customer responses to service encounters characterized by a high degree of service providers�� assertiveness, and

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Natural Ventilation as a Passive Cooling Strategy Aimed at Summer Overheating Reduction in Heritage Buildings: The Case Study of Vleeshuis Museum in Antwerp, Belgium

The challenge of reducing energy demand while improving people indoor comfort also for historical and heritage buildings is becoming an European economic and scientific interest. Historic buildings are not always equipped with mechanical systems for indoor microclimatic control, therefore the indoor climate is strongly dependent from outdoor environmental parameters and specific building dynamic behaviours. Due

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Decreasing the Residential Energy Consumption: Habitual Behaviours of Occupants

In the residential sector, energy demand may be divided mainly into six different types of final energy use: cooking, air heating, water heating, air cooling, lighting and other electric equipment. The energy consumption associated with the different energy services is influenced by the way consumers use each of them, making consumers playing an important role

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ISO 14001 as a Tool to Reduce Carbon Emissions – A Case Study From an Electronics Manufacturer

The concern over climate change and its impact on society is steadily increasing with specific warnings from the IPCC about global warming and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions globally. To achieve the targets of Kyoto Protocol, governments and organisations have aspired to adopt more sustainable business models and promote low Carbon economies. The

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Russia and UK: Studying the Problem of Energy Efficiency in Household Sector

Energy efficiency in household sector has recently become an issue of pressing topicality according to the latest studies and reviews in this domain. The issue can be found in numerous publications of the renowned scientists of the past and nowadays it is still receiving a wide support. There is a number of circumstances connected with

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Evaluating Material Flow Cost Accounting Method for Energy Efficiency in the Forest Sector

Resource efficiency is one of the crucial aspects in the production process of public and private sector and it affects society on the road to sustainability. Forest sector, as a sector which works for producing environmentally friendly products through sustainable forest management, is responsible for taking into account the negative environmental impacts produced in its

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Energy Reduction in Wastewater Treatment Plants

According to the Water and Environment Research Federation, wastewater and biosolids have ten times as much stored energy as that which is needed for treatment. For wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that incorporate anaerobic digestion, one significant way of capturing this energy is through combined heat and power (CHP). One factor that has slowed the growth

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The Co-Benefits of Energy Efficiency Policy to Manage the Electric Load in Delhi

Delhi’s power demand has been increasing continuously and the dependence on the power from outside has been increasing simultaneously. Satisfying this rapidly rising demand requires huge investments, and these investments usually have significant social, and environmental consequences. The supply-side measures of meeting the growing demand for electricity will require not only increasing generating capacity, but

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The Effect of Temperature and Biodiesel Fraction on the Viscosity of Biodiesel-Diesel Fuel Blends

This study aims determination of viscosity of the corn oil biodiesel and its blends with petrodiesel fuel at different temperatures. For this purpose, corn oil biodiesel was produced by using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as catalyst and methanol (CH3OH) as alcohol. To produce the lowest viscosity corn oil biodiesel, many production parameters such as catalyst concentration,

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Promotion of Energy Saving Behaviours within Businesses

Energy conservation can be achieved through both, the adoption of technical measures and the changing of behaviour. Consequently, energy conservation and related environmental issues are of increasing interest for psychological research .At present most studies, (89%*), focus on energy saving behaviour in households. Employees constitute an important target group for energy saving, but only a

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The Role of Wetland Ecosystems as Critical Infrastructure for Climate Change Adaptation

Approximately $3.2 trillion USD will be spent globally on transportation, electricity and sanitation infrastructure in 2013, with an estimated $57 trillion USD investment needed by 2030 to accommodate growing populations. Natural areas are increasingly being recognised for their ability to act as infrastructure, while also providing a range of ecological, economical and social benefits. Wetlands

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EAPM-CW:’ An Ecosystem Approach Framework for Planning and Management of Coastal Wetlands

This paper presents the ‘EAPM-CW’ as a new methodological framework for planning and management of coastal wetlands, which was developed mainly upon principles of the Ecosystem Approach. The EA ‘Ecosystem Approach’ is the most internationally recommended to meet sustainable development especially in such sensitive ecosystems, as it has been recommended by several international organizations such

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Eco-Efficiency Assessment in Apple Production and Storage in the Northeast of Portugal

Cost reduction, product quality, and customer demands have been pressing the agro-industrial sector to adopt more sustainable practices. Assessing the environmental performance of the food sector worldwide is crucial to reduce the environmental impact of agricultural and industrial practices. This study focus on the assessment of the eco-efficiency of the apple production and storage in

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Biochemical Effect of Antioxidant Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods on Hematology and Serum Lipid of Healthy Wister Rats

Scientific Research supports biological activity of antioxidant Nutraceuticals and Functional foods. The study compared effect of these two antioxidants in healthy opposite sex eighteen albino rats of the Wister strain, weighing between 150 and 300g. They were randomly assigned to three groups of six animals each. The control- Group A were fed with nutraceutical supplements

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Degradation of Cyanide to Ammonia and Nitrate by Mixed Culture of Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Suts 1 and Pseudomonas Monteilii Suts 2

The production processes of many industries such as those for petrochemicals, synthetic fuel processing, mining, and cassava starch use many cyanide compounds and generate high concentrations of cyanide. Cyanide can enter the human body by inhalation, ingestion, and adsorption. Moreover, cyanide is toxic to most species in freshwater or marine environments at a level of

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Notions of “Home,” “Nation,” “Identity,” and “Belonging”: A Study on Filipino Migrant Workers in Asia

Drawing on the literatures on diasporas and transnational migration, this paper is a theory-focus article that discusses the notions of “home”, “nation”, “identity” and “belonging” using the case of Filipino migration. While looking into the earlier models of migration still offers discussions that are of interest to academics, scholars, policy makers, and other stakeholders to

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India-ASEAN Trade Relations

Regional Trading Blocs are established on the premise that free trade leads to greater efficiency and higher growth. Regional Trade Agreements vary widely, but the fundamental objective is to reduce or eliminate trade barriers between member countries in order to reap the benefits of increased economic co-operation and strengthen regional solidarity. It is considered to

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Legislation of Open Source Usage in Public and Private Institutions in Comparison in Developing Countries , Existing Legislation and New Challenges

Since 1837 , when Charles Babbage discovered his machine of data analysis , until 1886 , where in Berne , the Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was signed , the protection of intellectual property developed at a frantic pace until now . The revolution in this field took place during last

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Establishment of Economic Courts in Egypt

No one can deny that “the phenomenon of the slow pace of litigation” expands to include all wings of the judicial system , civil , criminal , and administrative issues. And extends deeper to affect all categories of litigants: rich and poor, men and women. To paint a dark picture of what could be called

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The Sponsorship Contract and New Contract Tools for Valorising Cultural Heritage

Scope of the review is the predisposition of contractual tools for protecting and valorising cultural heritage by comparing German and Italian law, contributing to the development of the society. Cultural heritage has an economic value, because it becomes one of the most important conditions to attract activities, investments, inhabitants, and tourists. In Italy Public intervention

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Appraising the Appraisal Remedy: Is it Really the Best Option for Dissenting Shareholders?

The availability of appraisal as a remedy for dissenting shareholders in a country�s statute places an obligation on corporations to repurchase the dissenters� shares at a fair value, where it appears that their rights or interests are about to be adversely affected. Appraisal therefore provides a �buy-out� option for both sides of the divide i.e.

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Mining in Rajasthan (India) and Effects on Earth -Environmental Issues, Affecting Human Rights and Burning Legal Aspects

In Rajasthan (India) mining is being conducted since ancient past. The Rajasthan produce 42 varieties of major minerals and 23 varieties of minor minerals. In Rajasthan most mineral deposits are concentrated all along the Aravali range that runs through large parts of the state and, mining activity is wide spread here. The environmental impact of

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The European Doctrine of Margin of Appreciation: What Asean Can Learn from its Concept and Application in Universalizing “Controversial” Asean Declaration of Human Rights?

The European Court of Human Rights has developed the doctrine of Margin of Appreciation in supervising when member states of the Council of Europe breach the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). This paper argues that the margin of appreciation is not a particularity in the traditional sense; it is a moderate way to bridge

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A Glance into the Innovation and Patent Management System of Indian Universities

The patent system has been introduced to encourage innovation throughout global economies. The intention is to promote the development of new ideas and technologies. India, being one of the fastest growing developing nations, is a huge playing field for development of new technologies and sees a lot of innovation at the grass root level, also

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Imperatives of Globalization on Growth of Emerging Economies : Evidence From Nigeria (1980-2013)

Study investigates the impact of globalization on Nigeria’s economic growth. This study covers the periods between 1990 to 2013. Quantitative research methodology was adopted using Augmented Dickey- Fuller unit-root test, to test for stationarity of the variables. The result of the stationarity (unit root) test shows that, the variables were all stationary at first difference.

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The Synergy of Poetic Leadership – How Leading Poetically Bridges the Gaps

We live in a world of volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity (VUCA), where the disparate needs of individuals, communities and society are at times in conflict. There is a growing recognition that traditional styles of leadership are no longer adequate for such a world. Interdisciplinary practices can give us a new perspective on our challenges;

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Conflict Resolution and Crisis of Governnance in Africa the Case of Nigeria

Undoubtedly everyman desires peace on the conviction that it is the secret of development, and self attainment. Yet, societal relationship elicits unprecedented contest which sometimes degenerates into violence at individual and communal levels. Man is therefore faced with the contradiction of desires and reality. The adequacy of a modern government could largely be measured by

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Criminal Networks and Their Influence in Democratic Systems -Baltic States Examples

In recent years, increased attention from the media, the international community and policy makers has highlighted the destabilizing effects criminal networks have on the perceived legitimacy of democratic politics. This is not only a problem for rough and fragile States in Latin America and West Africa, but also an increasing phenomenon in Europe and other

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Governing Transnational Commons through Strategic Technology Associations: A Comparative Study of Radio Spectrum Management in Europe

The proposed paper examines the role of self-regulation in the management of the electromagnetic radio spectrum � the transnational common pool resource utilised for mobile communications worldwide. The article analyses how collective choice arrangements have been negotiated for the management of second, third and fourth generation mobile cellular communications in the European Union. Combining the

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Public Participation in New Local Governance Spaces: The Case for Community Development in Local Strategic Partnerships

Research into public participation in local decision-making has expanded over the past forty years, reflecting increased interest in the subject from academic, policy and practitioner perspectives. The same applies to community development, a values-based profession promoting a transformational agenda. During the New Labour government’s period in office (1997-2010), public participation featured centrally in several policies,

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Development Theory and its Threatening Other

Development’s ‘Other’ is usually assumed to be the undeveloped world. The undeveloped world is portrayed as in some way deficient compared to the West. The need to remedy these deficiencies legitimises Western intervention in the world of the undeveloped Other. This understanding of development theory’s history has informed the discipline’s attempts to reinvent itself after

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Solidarity in Modern Liberal Societies

The question of the relation between the individual and society has recently gathered momentum in the debate on the universality of human rights. Communitarian critics like Charles Taylor — or more recently Otto Depenheuer — argue that due to emphases on inalienable rights of individual freedom, solidarity between members of society is vanishing, as people

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When Judicial Review Becomes a Fading Shadow of Constitutional Democracy: Toward a Comparative Understanding of Judicial Review in Cameroon and Post-Apartheid South Africa

This paper relates to the ineffectiveness of the judicial review mechanism in Cameroon. The Constitutional Council is an organ charged with testing powers of the constitutionality of laws created by the 1996 Constitution. This mechanism is juxtaposed with the same mechanism in post-apartheid South Africa with the intention of demonstrating that while the Constitutional Court

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Reframing the Conflict ‘of Interest’: The Public/Private Interface

The dominant understanding of the ‘conflict of interest’, grounded in a quintessentially Western conceptualization of public and private , has been applied across contexts as part and parcel of the ‘good governance project’ in pursuit of a “better world” . The case of Slovakia illuminates the predicaments of seeking to organize the social reality of

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Emma’s Journey: A Case Study on the Death Penalty and Some Inequalities in the Criminal Justice System

The murder on January 1, 1979 of a prominent white business man in the small southern American community of Lincolnton, GA led to the arrest, trial and death row sentence of a young African-American woman named Emma Cunningham. After an appeal and plea bargain, her sentence was commuted to life with parole. Altogether, she spent

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Methodology Review Making a Case for Grounded Theory in Occupants’ Energy Behaviour Research

It has been recognized by many researchers that social issues, such as occupants’ energy behaviour, play a vital role in reducing energy use. The previous research into the field of occupants’ energy behaviour can be classed into two categories regarding their methodological approaches. The majority of the research has been done using a quantitative approach

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Inclusive Governance by Gender Equality: Innovative Vision to Humanize our Cities

This paper suggests a broad approach to enhance the social sustainability through socially innovative and inclusive governance when planning and regenerating the urban landscape. A comprehensive approach to developing and managing a city requires both “top-down” and “bottom-up” strategies. Inclusive governance and social innovation can be achieved when both genders are equally included and appreciated

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Public Participation in Environmental Conflict Management in Development Projects in Thailand

Over the past four decades, a rapid economic growth and industrialization have been cased natural resource degradation, environmental pollutions and health impacts in Thailand. These create environmental controversies across the country. Presently, Thailand is facing many environmental conflicts from developing large scale project. Many development projects are delayed or postponed because of the public opposition.

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Determinants of Residential Building Occupants’ Behavior in Sustainable Living a Questionnaire Survey in Hong Kong

Green building movement has been playing a major role in sustainable urbanism as well as current architectural development. In addition to its energy achievement, it could be influencing our living style according to some Environment and Behavior (EB) studies. EB research showed that there are transactions between individuals and their physical setting that could change

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Boardgames as a Tool for Teaching Basic Sustainability Concepts to Design Students

One aspect of sustainability that often baffles design students is the need to balance concepts such as the triple bottom line (environment, economy and social issue) with the product’s life cycle in their design process. In some cases, this is a result of a lack of understanding of interactions between these aspects since the theoretical

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Transitional Spaces: Reconciling Conflicts in Dense Sustainable Housing Projects

Density strategies are generally perceived as a powerful leverage for sustainable built environments. Reality unveils however a more nuanced appreciation. While the �Prosperity� pillar of sustainable development is mostly covered, dense building developments tend to lack addressing �here and now� social and environmental aspects of sustainability, which could mortgage the recognition of the embedded sustainability

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An Integrated Study of Corporate Social Responsibility and Relationship Management in China: An Interpretive Perspective

The purpose of this study is to determine how companies in China manage their relations with publics (stakeholders) in China through their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs. This study is conducted from the interpretive perspective and use qualitative, specifically, interview method. This study explored the current situation of CSR in China. I apply the concept

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Marketing of a Net Positive Future

In many climatic regions, both in Europe and the US, it is possible to design and build homes that can be powered solely from a renewable resource. This paper will present the efforts taken in the US and Europe to aid home builders to quantify the performance of a building envelope and the levels of

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An Assessment of the Socio- Economic Impact of Medical Tourism on the Mauritian Community.

Medical tourism is also known as medical travel, health tourism or more recently, global healthcare; which in a broad sense, means seeking for medical wellbeing by travelling to a foreign region. However, this is not new; for thousands of years, people have traveled to foreign lands for healing purposes. This form of health travel has

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“Just Ask Me”: Mechanisms for Being Together in Fragile Communities

Communities located in sparsely populated rural areas traditionally rely on prolific social involvement among members to inform decisions and initiate action. A challenge in some communities is that social interactions form strong social bonds between inhabitants that limit the full social participation of other individuals. Where there is a threat to community existence, previous research

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Use of Problem Based Learning to Teach Ethics in Indian Context

Fostering ethical values and its internalization in students’ lives is a daunting process. Mere regurgitation of moral values in classroom does not translate into application. In recent years, the trend suggests that excessive materialism and individualism has led to idea of instant gratification and erosion of ethos. This emerging trend is likely to impact India

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Transformation in Socio-Cultural Identity: Causes and Effects

Political and economic aspects are shaping the built environment and transform the socio-cultural organization of the cities. Cities play an essential role in expanding the opportunities for economic growth, innovation and social development; at the same time, they are also platform for poverty and threats. Thus, it is important to understand the logic of the